Items tagged “rheumatology”

18 results found
Article

Gout

Gout is a crystal arthropathy due to deposition of monosodium urate crystals in and around the joints. Epidemiology Typically occurs in those above 40 years. There is a strong male predilection of 20:1, with this predilection more pronounced in younger and middle-aged adults. In the elderly, t...
Case

Haemophilic arthropathy

 Diagnosis certain
Andrew Dixon
Published 11 Apr 2010
92% complete
X-rayMRI
Article

Jaccoud arthropathy

Jaccoud arthropathy is a deforming non-erosive arthropathy characterized by ulnar deviation of the second to fifth fingers with metacarpophalangeal joint subluxation. Clinical presentation Jaccoud arthropathy is characterized by marked ulnar subluxation and deviation at the metacarpophalangeal...
Article

Joint effusion

A joint effusion is defined as an increased amount of fluid within the synovial compartment of a joint. There is normally only a small amount of physiological intra-articular fluid. Abnormal fluid accumulation can result from inflammation, infection (i.e. pus) or trauma and might be exudate, tr...
Article

Rheumatoid arthritis (musculoskeletal manifestations)

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic multisystem disease with predominant musculoskeletal manifestations. It is a disease that primarily affects synovial tissues, i.e. synovial joints, tendons, and bursae. Refer to the related articles for a general discussion of rheumatoid arthritis and for ...
Article

Diffuse alveolar hemorrhage

Diffuse alveolar hemorrhage (DAH) is a subset of diffuse pulmonary hemorrhage when bleeding is diffuse and directly into the alveolar spaces. It can occur in a vast number of clinical situations and can be life-threatening. Pathology Blood tends to fill alveolar spaces at multiple sites. Etio...
Case

Small bowel infarction

 Diagnosis certain
RMH Core Conditions
Published 10 Feb 2014
95% complete
CTAnnotated image
Case

Ankylosing spondylitis complicated by fracture-dislocation

 Diagnosis certain
Azza Elgendy
Published 17 Jan 2015
95% complete
Annotated imageMRICT
Case

Rheumatoid arthritis of the foot

 Diagnosis certain
RMH Core Conditions
Published 29 Jan 2015
72% complete
X-ray
Case

Ankylosing spondylitis

 Diagnosis certain
RMH Core Conditions
Published 27 Jan 2015
91% complete
X-ray
Case

Calcified lupus panniculitis

 Diagnosis almost certain
Enrico Citarella
Published 21 Apr 2015
74% complete
CT
Case

Psoriatic arthritis with bilateral capitohamate coalition

 Diagnosis certain
Suraindra Mark Rajadurai
Published 20 Sep 2017
97% complete
X-ray
Article

Enthesitis

Enthesitis (rare plural: enthesitides) refers to inflammation of the enthesis (the attachment of ligament or tendon to bone).  Enthesitis may be the result of repetitive mechanical stress or a more generalized inflammatory condition. Enthesitis is associated with the HLA-B27 inflammatory arthri...
Article

Osteitis

Osteitis is an inflammation of the bone, usually in the context of inflammatory arthropathy. Terminology Osteitis refers only to the inflammation of bony structures, in particular the cortex (non-medullary infection or infectious osteitis) 1-3. If there is infectious involvement of the medulla...
Case

Gout - wrist

 Diagnosis certain
Frank Gaillard
Published 26 Sep 2019
92% complete
MRICT
Case

Knee synovitis - rheumatoid arthritis

 Diagnosis certain
Magdalena Chmiel-Nowak
Published 08 Mar 2020
92% complete
MRI
Case

Atlantoaxial subluxation

 Diagnosis almost certain
Yasser Asiri
Published 16 May 2020
75% complete
X-ray
Case

Romanus lesions - ankylosing spondylitis

 Diagnosis almost certain
Craig Hacking
Published 12 Nov 2021
80% complete
MRI