Items tagged “shoulder”

182 results found
Article

Movements of the arm

The glenohumeral joint is highly mobile resulting in a wide range of movements of the arm.  Arm flexion Arm flexion represents rotation in the anatomic plane such that the distal humerus moves ventrally. Is represents raising the arm and isolated flexion can achieve approximately 150-170° of m...
Article

Glenohumeral ligaments

There are three glenohumeral ligaments (GHL), which are thickenings of the glenohumeral joint capsule and are important passive stabilisers of the joint.  Gross anatomy Superior glenohumeral ligament runs from the superior aspect of the glenoid and coracoid process to the fovea capitis just s...
Article

Acromiohumeral interval

Acromiohumeral interval is a useful and reliable measurement on AP shoulder radiographs and when narrowed is indicative of rotator cuff tear or tendinopathy.  Pathology Measurements of the acromiohumeral interval in the following intervals are suggestive of pathology 1,2: >12 mm: shoulder dis...
Article

Scapula

The scapula (plural: scapulae) is a roughly triangular shaped bone of the pectoral girdle with several articulations connecting to the humerus and clavicle.  Gross anatomy Osteology The main part of the scapula, the body, consists of a somewhat triangular-shaped flat blade, with an inferiorly...
Case

Acromioclavicular joint injury - type 2

 Diagnosis certain
Dr Henry Knipe
Published 03 Sep 2014
97% complete
X-ray
Article

Glenohumeral joint hydrodilatation

Glenohumeral joint (shoulder) hydrodilatation or tension arthrography is an established treatment for adhesive capsulitis of the shoulder (frozen shoulder) and can be performed using a variety of modalities.  Indications adhesive capsulitis of the shoulder Contraindications anticoagulation/c...
Case

Bony Bankart and Hill-Sachs lesions

 Diagnosis certain
Dr Henry Knipe
Published 19 Jan 2015
95% complete
X-rayCT
Case

Acute Parsonage-Turner syndrome

 Diagnosis probable
Dr Amro Omar
Published 03 Feb 2015
68% complete
MRI
Article

Coracoid process fracture

Coracoid process fractures are an uncommon type of scapular fracture. They do not often occur in isolation and are often associated with acromial, clavicular, or scapular fracture, as well as humeral head dislocation. In general, the coracoid process tends to fracture at its base and be minimal...
Article

Double axillary pouch sign

The double axillary pouch sign is a collection of fluid between a torn anteroinferior glenoid labrum and the glenoid rim, giving the appearance of a second axillary pouch. The sign is seen best with MR arthrography on the coronal view, and is considered by some, a very specific sign for an ante...
Article

Suprascapular notch

The suprascapular notch is located on the superior aspect of the scapula, at the scapula's anterolateral aspect. Gross anatomy The suprascapular notch separates the superior border of the scapula from the anterior coracoid process.  Relations and/or boundaries The suprascapular nerve passes ...
Article

Spinoglenoid notch

The spinoglenoid notch is located on the superior and posterior aspect of the scapula. Gross anatomy Relations and/or boundaries The spinoglenoid notch is a connection between the infraspinatus fossa and the supraspinatus fossa, which are divided by the scapular spine. The notch is formed la...
Article

Reverse total shoulder arthroplasty

Reverse total shoulder arthroplasty (RTSA) is a type of total shoulder replacement. It is often the preferred method when there has been advanced damage to the rotator cuff as seen in rotator cuff arthropathy. Procedure The reverse total shoulder flips the normal mechanical arrangement of the ...
Case

Reverse total shoulder arthroplasty

 Diagnosis certain
Dr Matt A. Morgan
Published 06 Mar 2015
94% complete
X-ray
Case

Bilateral anterior shoulder dislocations post seizure

 Diagnosis certain
Dr Henry Knipe
Published 24 Mar 2015
83% complete
X-ray
Case

Acromioclavicular joint injury (type II)

 Diagnosis certain
Dr Jeremy Jones
Published 18 Mar 2018
79% complete
X-ray
Case

Acromioclavicular joint injury (type III)

 Diagnosis certain
A.Prof Frank Gaillard
Published 10 May 2015
63% complete
X-ray
Case

Posterior shoulder dislocation

 Diagnosis certain
Dr Henry Knipe
Published 03 May 2015
82% complete
X-ray
Case

Scapula: anatomy diagrams

 Diagnosis not applicable
Dr Matt Skalski
Published 19 May 2015
19% complete
Diagram
Case

External and internal rotation views of the shoulder

External rotation...
 Diagnosis not applicable
Dr Matt A. Morgan
Published 28 May 2015
35% complete
X-rayDiagram

Updating… Please wait.

 Unable to process the form. Check for errors and try again.

 Thank you for updating your details.