Items tagged “skin”
16 results found
Buschke-Ollendorff syndrome (BOS) comprises of osteopoikilosis associated with disseminated connective tissue and cutaneous yellowish naevi, predominantly on the extremities and trunk 1-2. Recent genetic work has linked BOS to both isolated osteopoikilosis and melorheostosis 1. Historical co...
Skin changes of mercury poisoning (mnemonic)
A mnemonic for the skin changes associated with mercury poisoning is: 5 Ps Mnemonic P: pink P: puffy P: painful P: paraesthesia P: peeling
Lichen planus (mnemonic)
A mnemonic to describe the skin lesions associated with lichen planus is: 5 Ps Mnemonic P: planar P: polygonal P: pruritic P: purple P: papular
Lichen aureus (mnemonic)
The skin changes of lichen aureus can be remembered with the following mnemonic: 5 Ps of lichen aureus Mnemonic pigmented purpuric papules in peripheral patches
Epidermal inclusion cyst
Diagnosis almost certain
Published 24 Jan 2010
Langerhans cells (histology)
Diagnosis not applicable
Published 21 Mar 2010
Cutaneous neurofibromas (probable)
Published 10 Aug 2010
Epidermal inclusion cyst
Epidermal inclusion cysts are common cutaneous lesions that represent proliferation of squamous epithelium within a confined space in the dermis or subdermis. Terminology Synonyms include "epidermoid cyst" and "epidermoid inclusion cyst". These are occasionally termed "sebaceous cyst", althoug...
Mycosis fungoides (MF), also known as cutaneous T-cell lymphoma, is a type of malignant T-cell lymphoma that primarily involves the skin. Epidemiology In the United States, it is more common in males and African Americans. In Europe, it accounts for ~6% of all non-Hodgkin lymphomas. It is rar...
Trichilemmomas are important due to their invariable association with Cowden syndrome. They are a benign cutaneous neoplasm that usually present on the head or face as a smooth or verrucoid lesion, and may be single or multiple. They may be mistaken for a basal cell carcinoma.
Sacral dimples are a clinical and radiological feature that is associated with occult spinal dysraphism (e.g. tethered cord syndrome) but are more frequently a non-significant isolated finding. Epidemiology Common in healthy children (~5%) 1. Pathology Simple sacral dimples have the followin...
Published 17 Jul 2015
Granuloma annulare is a benign idiopathic inflammatory disorder of the dermis, characterised by formation of dermal papules in young children. Clinical presentation Granuloma annulare has various clinical presentations: three cutaneous forms erythematous perforating generalised one subcut...
Stevens Johnson syndrome
Stevens Johnson syndrome (SJS) is an acute inflammatory skin condition. Terminology SJS is on a spectrum of disease with toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) at the more severe end. Terminology depending on how much surface area is involved 1,2: SJS: <10% SJS-TEN overlap: 10-30% TEN: >30% Epi...
Clear cell hidradenoma (nodular hidradenoma)
Published 30 Mar 2016
Focal dermal hypoplasia syndrome
Focal dermal hypoplasia syndrome is also known as Goltz syndrome, and is named confusingly similar to Gorlin-Goltz syndrome. Epidemology A rare disorder that follows X-linked dominant inheritance pattern. More commonly seen in males than female. Worldwide only 200-300 cases have been reported....