Items tagged “snippet title”

128 results found
Article

Caput medusae sign (developmental venous anomaly)

The caput medusae sign refers to developmental venous anomalies of the brain, where a number of veins drain centrally towards a single drain vein. The appearance is reminiscent of Medusa, a gorgon of Greek mythology, who was encountered and defeated by Perseus. The sign is seen on both CT and M...
Article

Wrist (carpal tunnel view)

The carpal tunnel view is an axial projection to demonstrate the medial and lateral prominences and the concavity. Indications This carpal tunnel view is seldom performed however it can be utilized to investigate potential hook of hamate, pisiform and trapezium fractures. Patient position pa...
Article

Non-specific interstitial pneumonia

Non-specific interstitial pneumonia (NSIP) is the second most common morphological and pathological pattern of interstitial lung diseases. NSIP has two main subtypes: fibrotic type: most common, having a more dismal outcome cellular type: less common, but carries a much better prognosis due to...
Article

Rheumatoid arthritis (musculoskeletal manifestations)

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic multi-system disease with predominant musculoskeletal manifestations. Being a disease that primarily attacks synovial tissues, RA affects synovial joints, tendons, and bursae. Refer to the related articles for a general discussion of rheumatoid arthritis a...
Article

Rheumatoid arthritis (pulmonary manifestations)

Pulmonary manifestations are relatively common in rheumatoid arthritis, and like many of its non-articular manifestations, tend to develop later in the disease. Please refer to the related articles for a general discussion of rheumatoid arthritis, and for the specific discussion of its musculos...
Article

Multicentric breast cancer

A multicentric breast cancer is a term given to a breast cancer where there are two or more breast cancers separated by normal breast tissue (often taken as 5 cm of separation 4). It is related to but distinct from the term multifocal breast cancer. At a pathological level It can also mean 2 t...
Article

Hand (PA view)

The Hand PA view is part of a two view series metacarpals, phalanges, carpal bones and distal radial ulnar joint.  Indications The PA hand view is requested for diagnosing a variety of clinical indications such as rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, suspected fracture or dislocation and loca...
Article

Hand (oblique view)

The hand oblique view is part of a two view series metacarpals, phalanges, carpal bones and distal radial ulnar joint.  Indications The oblique hand view is requested for diagnosing a variety of clinical indications such as rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, suspected fracture or dislocatio...
Article

Hand (bilateral PA view)

The bilateral PA view is merely a single film that includes both hands, side by side.  Indications This view often complements the ball-catcher view and is performed almost exclusively to examine for evidence of rheumatological disorders (e.g. rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, psoriatic ar...
Article

Hand (lateral view)

The lateral hand view is an orthogonal view taken along with the PA view of the hand. Indications The lateral hand view is requested for diagnosing a variety of clinical indications such as rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, suspected fracture or dislocation and localizing foreign bodies.  ...
Article

Finger (PA view)

Finger PA view is a standard projection for radiographic assessment of the fingers; it is one of three views of the finger series.  Indications This projection is best to access the joint spaces and distal, middle and proximal phalanx in the AP plane. It is not advisable to only obtain one vie...
Article

Fingers (lateral view)

Finger lateral view is a standard projection for radiographic assessment of the fingers; it is one of three views of the finger series. it is divided into: lateral index and middle fingers lateral of ring and little fingers Indications The lateral projection is an ideal projection to assess ...
Article

Thumb (AP/PA view)

The thumb AP (anteroposterior) view is one of the standard views for assessment of the thumb. The PA (posteroanterior) view can be utilized when the patient is unable to achieve the position required for the AP view. They are one part of the three view thumb series. There will be some magnifica...
Article

Thumb (lateral view)

The thumb lateral view is an orthogonal projection of AP/PA view. Indications As with all thumb radiographs, this is a view requested for a number of reasons including trauma, suspected inflammatory process or foreign body (to name a few). This particular view helps in the localization of a fo...
Article

Scaphoid (PA view)

The posteroanterior scaphoid view is part of a four view series of the scaphoid, wrist and surrounding carpal bones. Although performed PA, the view can often be referred to as an AP view. Indications This view aims to show the scaphoid in its anatomical position, hence allowing the visualizat...
Article

Scaphoid (lateral view)

The scaphoid lateral view is part of a four view series of the scaphoid, wrist and surrounding carpal bones. It is a complementary projection to the PA view demonstrating the scaphoid in the orthogonal plane. Patient position patient is seated alongside the table the affected arm if possible ...
Article

Wrist (PA view)

The PA wrist view is part of a three view series of the wrist and carpal bones. Although performed PA the view can often be referred to an AP view. Indications The PA wrist radiograph is requested for myriad reasons including but not limited to trauma, suspected infective processes, injuries t...
Article

Wrist (lateral view)

The lateral wrist view is part of a three view series of the wrist and carpal bones. It is the orthogonal projection of the PA wrist. Indications The lateral wrist radiograph is requested for myriad reasons including but not limited to trauma, suspected infective processes, injuries the distal...
Article

Forearm (AP view)

The forearm AP view is one of two standard projections in the forearm series to assess the radius and ulna. Indications This view demonstrates the elbow joint in its natural anatomical position allowing for assessment of suspected dislocations or fractures and localizing foreign bodies within ...
Article

Forearm (lateral view)

Forearm lateral view is one of two standard projections in the forearm series to assess the radius and ulna. Indications This view allows for the assessment of suspected dislocations or fractures and localizing foreign bodies within the forearm. Patient position patient is seated alongside t...

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