Items tagged “sports injuries”

21 results found
Article

Fatigue fracture

Fatigue fractures are a type of stress fracture due to abnormal stresses on normal bone. They should not be confused with an insufficiency fracture, which occurs due to normal stresses on abnormal bone. Plain radiographs typically demonstrate a linear sclerotic region but have poor sensitivity, ...
Article

Tennis leg

Tennis leg represents a myofascial or tendinous injury of the lower limb and, not surprisingly, is seen most frequently in tennis players. Epidemiology Although classically seen in people who play tennis, it can also be induced by playing squash, skiing, and athletics. Therefore, it typically ...
Article

Distal intersection syndrome

The distal intersection syndrome relates to tenosynovitis of the extensor pollicis longus (EPL) tendon (3rd extensor compartment), where it crosses the extensor carpi radialis longus (ECRL) and brevis (ECRB) tendons (2nd extensor compartment) 1. It is distinct from intersection syndrome which oc...
Case

Bull's eye sign of rectus femoris injury

 Diagnosis certain
Dr Prashant Gupta
Published 03 Feb 2012
95% complete
MRI
Case

Stress fracture of 4th metatarsal

DP
 Diagnosis certain
Dr Matt Skalski
Published 18 Jul 2013
91% complete
X-ray
Case

Osteitis pubis

 Diagnosis certain
Dr Stan Buckens
Published 26 Aug 2015
90% complete
X-rayMRI
Article

Iliac artery endofibrosis

Iliac artery endofibrosis is a rare condition that affects young endurance athletes, characterized by a non-atherosclerotic stenosis of the iliac artery. Epidemiology It is a rare entity that affects highly trained endurance athletes, mostly cyclists and long-distance runners 4. The disease ha...
Case

Bowler's thumb

 Diagnosis certain
Leanne Yuanci Lin
Published 14 Sep 2018
89% complete
Annotated imageMRIX-ray
Article

Pectoralis major tear

Pectoralis major tears, also known as pectoralis major ruptures, are an uncommon traumatic injury of the pectoralis major.  Epidemiology mostly young, physically-active males age 20-40 years old, although has also reported in elderly women 1 associated with weight lifting (mostly bench press)...
Article

British athletics muscle injury classification

The British athletics muscle injury classification is a five-point MRI-based system that is based on extent and site. It has been primarily based on hamstring injuries, but is used in other muscle injuries. The classification system has been shown to have moderate inter- and intra-rater agreeabi...
Article

Valgus extension overload syndrome

Valgus extension overload syndrome, also known as pitcher's elbow, refers to a constellation of symptoms and pathologies commonly seen in overhead throwing athletes secondary to high repetitive tensile, shear and compressive forces generated by the overhead throwing motion. The syndrome may cor...
Article

Posteromedial elbow impingement

Posteromedial elbow impingement is a throwing-induced elbow injury caused by the mechanical bony or soft tissue abutment of the posteromedial elbow joint due to repetitive micro-trauma affecting the posteromedial fossa. It can occur in isolation or as one manifestation of valgus extension overlo...
Article

Overhead sports injuries of the elbow

Overhead sports injuries are a group of pathologies seen in sports activities with overhead throwing or strokes, e.g. tennis, volleyball, baseball, javelin throwing. There has been a tremendous increase in the number of participants in these sports activities worldwide. Pathology During the mi...
Article

Little leaguer's elbow

The little leaguer's elbow was initially coined to describe medial epicondyle avulsion, but more recently it refers to a range of acquired elbow abnormalities in a skeletally immature patient engaged in overhead sports such as tennis, baseball, etc. Epidemiology It occurs in skeletally immatur...
Article

Pivot shift test

The pivot shift test forms part of the orthopedic examination of a post-traumatic knee. A positive test shows high specificity for injury of the anterior cruciate ligament. Procedure The pivot shift test is performed on a supine patient.  At the start the subject's knee is permitted to droop ...
Article

Cuboid syndrome

Cuboid syndrome is a cause of lateral midoot pain, believed to result from abnormal articulation of the cuboid with the calcaneus (calcaneocuboid joint). Clinical presentation Cuboid syndrome presents with lateral foot pain and swelling, often diffuse and similar to an ankle (ligament) sprain ...
Article

Extensor carpi ulnaris tendinopathy

Extensor carpi ulnaris (ECU) tendinopathy is varied and includes tendinosis, (stenosing) tenosynovitis, tendon instability and rarely rupture.  Epidemiology Athletes at increased risk of ECU tendinopathy include those who participate in 1,2: racquet sports, e.g. tennis club sports, e.g. golf...
Article

Triceps tendinopathy

Triceps tendinopathy is the least common tendon injury of the elbow, and most commonly presents as rupture.  Epidemiology There is a male predominance 1. Pathology Triceps tendinopathy can range from tendinosis through to complete rupture 1,2. Rupture most commonly occurs at the osteotendin...
Article

Tendinopathy

Tendinopathy literally means a disease or disorder of a tendon and is typically used to describe any problem involving a tendon. While many define tendinopathy as an umbrella term to describe all tendon pathology, others may use it to describe a chronic tendon condition that fails to resolve.  ...
Case

Iliotibial band syndrome

 Diagnosis certain
Dr Sameh Saied Ali
Published 19 Jan 2019
95% complete
MRI

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