Items tagged “sports medicine”

27 results found
Article

Fatigue fracture

Fatigue fractures are a type of stress fracture due to abnormal stresses on normal bone. They should not be confused with an insufficiency fracture, which occurs due to normal stresses on abnormal bone. Plain radiographs typically demonstrate a linear sclerotic region but have poor sensitivity, ...
Article

Intersection syndrome

Intersection syndrome is an overuse tenosynovitis that occurs around the intersection of the first extensor compartment (abductor pollicis longus and extensor pollicis brevis) and second extensor compartment (extensor carpi radialis longus and extensor carpi radialis brevis) within the forearm. ...
Article

Distal intersection syndrome

The distal intersection syndrome relates to tenosynovitis of the extensor pollicis longus (EPL) tendon (3rd extensor compartment), where it crosses the extensor carpi radialis longus (ECRL) and brevis (ECRB) tendons (2nd extensor compartment) 1. It is distinct from intersection syndrome which oc...
Case

Bull's eye sign of rectus femoris injury

 Diagnosis certain
Dr Prashant Gupta
Published 03 Feb 2012
95% complete
MRI
Article

Radiographic evaluation of anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction

Radiographic evaluation of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction involves: femoral component a line is drawn along the posterior cortex of the femur a second line is drawn along the roof of the intercondylar notch of the femur (Blumensaat line) the point of intersection of these tw...
Article

Pronator teres syndrome

Pronator teres syndrome (also called pronator syndrome) is one of three common median nerve entrapment syndromes; the other two being anterior interosseous nerve syndrome and the far more common carpal tunnel syndrome. Signs and symptoms result from compression of the median nerve in the upper f...
Article

Snapping iliopsoas tendon

Snapping iliopsoas tendon is one of the external causes of a medial snapping hip and occurs when a portion of the iliopsoas tendon moves abruptly onto the superior pubic ramus leading to a snap.  Epidemiology Most commonly affects athletes with repeated hip abduction (e.g. dancing, gymnastics,...
Case

Pubic ramus stress fracture

 Diagnosis certain
Dr Andrew Dixon
Published 09 Aug 2016
89% complete
MRI
Case

Athletic pubalgia

 Diagnosis almost certain
Dr. Mandakini Siwach
Published 23 May 2017
75% complete
MRI
Article

Iliopsoas bursitis

Iliopsoas bursitis usually presents as non-specific anterior hip pain and can be due to a number of causes. Pathology Iliopsoas bursitis can occur primarily, e.g. secondary to a snapping iliopsoas tendon or post hip arthroplasty. The iliopsoas bursa frequently communicates with the hip joint a...
Case

Bowler's thumb

 Diagnosis certain
Leanne Yuanci Lin
Published 14 Sep 2018
89% complete
Annotated imageMRIX-ray
Article

Athlete heart syndrome

Athlete heart syndrome refers to adaptations in both cardiac structure and function seen in people engaged in high-performance and endurance physical exercise. Epidemiology The prevalence of the condition has increased due to the increased popularity of recreational exercise, approx 3.6/100,00...
Article

British athletics muscle injury classification

The British athletics muscle injury classification is a five-point MRI-based system that is based on extent and site. It has been primarily based on hamstring injuries, but is used in other muscle injuries. The classification system has been shown to have moderate inter- and intra-rater agreeabi...
Article

Valgus extension overload syndrome

Valgus extension overload syndrome, also known as pitcher's elbow, refers to a constellation of symptoms and pathologies commonly seen in overhead throwing athletes secondary to high repetitive tensile, shear and compressive forces generated by the overhead throwing motion. The syndrome may cor...
Article

Posteromedial elbow impingement

Posteromedial elbow impingement is a throwing-induced elbow injury caused by the mechanical bony or soft tissue abutment of the posteromedial elbow joint due to repetitive micro-trauma affecting the posteromedial fossa. It can occur in isolation or as one manifestation of valgus extension overlo...
Article

Overhead sports injuries of the elbow

Overhead sports injuries are a group of pathologies seen in sports activities with overhead throwing or strokes, e.g. tennis, volleyball, baseball, javelin throwing. There has been a tremendous increase in the number of participants in these sports activities worldwide. Pathology During the mi...
Article

Little leaguer's elbow

The little leaguer's elbow was initially coined to describe medial epicondyle avulsion, but more recently it refers to a range of acquired elbow abnormalities in a skeletally immature patient engaged in overhead sports such as tennis, baseball, etc. Epidemiology It occurs in skeletally immatur...
Article

Pivot shift test

The pivot shift test forms part of the orthopedic examination of a post-traumatic knee. A positive test shows high specificity for injury of the anterior cruciate ligament. Procedure The pivot shift test is performed on a supine patient.  At the start the subject's knee is permitted to droop ...
Article

Cuboid syndrome

Cuboid syndrome is a cause of lateral midoot pain, believed to result from abnormal articulation of the cuboid with the calcaneus (calcaneocuboid joint). Clinical presentation Cuboid syndrome presents with lateral foot pain and swelling, often diffuse and similar to an ankle (ligament) sprain ...
Article

Extensor carpi ulnaris tendinopathy

Extensor carpi ulnaris (ECU) tendinopathy is varied and includes tendinosis, (stenosing) tenosynovitis, tendon instability and rarely rupture.  Epidemiology Athletes at increased risk of ECU tendinopathy include those who participate in 1,2: racquet sports, e.g. tennis club sports, e.g. golf...

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