Items tagged “stomach”

63 results found
Article

Antral nipple sign

The antral nipple sign refers to redundant pyloric mucosa protruding into the gastric antrum and is seen in pyloric stenosis. See also cervix sign of pyloric stenosis target sign of pyloric stenosis shoulder sign of pyloric stenosis
Article

Carney triad

The Carney triad (not to be confused with the related Carney Stratakis syndrome, or the unrelated Carney complex) is a rare syndrome defined by the coexistence of three tumours: extra-adrenal paraganglioma (e.g. spinal paraganglioma) initially, only functioning extra-adrenal paragangliomas wer...
Article

Cervix sign of pyloric stenosis

The cervix sign of pyloric stenosis describes indentation of the pylorus into the fluid-filled antrum, seen in pyloric stenosis. See also antral nipple sign target sign of pyloric stenosis shoulder sign of pyloric stenosis
Article

Gastric lymphoma

Gastric lymphoma may either represent secondary involvement by systemic disease or primary malignancy confined to the stomach.  Epidemiology  Gastric lymphoma represents the most common site of extranodal lymphoma, accounting for 25% of all such lymphomas, 50% of all gastrointestinal lymphomas...
Article

Pyloric stenosis

Hypertrophic pyloric stenosis (HPS) refers to the idiopathic thickening of gastric py­loric musculature which then results in progressive gastric outlet obstruction. Epidemiology Pyloric stenosis is relatively common and has a male predilection (M:F ~4:1), and is more commonly seen in Caucasia...
Article

Target sign (pyloric stenosis)

The target sign of pyloric stenosis is a sign seen due to hypertrophied hypoechoic muscle surrounding echogenic mucosa, seen in pyloric stenosis. This is likened to that of a target. See also antral nipple sign cervix sign of pyloric stenosis shoulder sign of pyloric stenosis
Article

Gastro-oesophageal junction

The gastro-oesophageal junction (GOJ) (also known as the oesophagogastric junction) is the part of the gastrointestinal tract where the oesophagus and stomach are joined. Gross anatomy The GOJ is normally mostly intra-abdominal and is 3-4 cm in length. To some extent, the oesophagus slides in ...
Article

Omentum

An omentum is a double layer of peritoneum that attaches the stomach to another viscus: the greater omentum hangs from the greater curvature of the stomach like an apron the lesser omentum attaches the lesser curvature of the stomach to the liver superiorly Gross anatomy Greater omentum The...
Case

Linitis plastica

 Diagnosis probable
Dr Natalie Yang
Published 13 Aug 2009
36% complete
CT
Case

GIST of the stomach

GIST stomach
 Diagnosis almost certain
Dr Natalie Yang
Published 16 Aug 2009
62% complete
CT
Case

Gastric lymphoma

 Diagnosis almost certain
Dr Natalie Yang
Published 16 Aug 2009
48% complete
CT
Article

Gastrointestinal stromal tumour

Gastrointestinal stromal tumours (GIST) are the most common mesenchymal tumours of the gastrointestinal tract. They account for ~5% of all sarcomas. They respond remarkably well to chemotherapy.  Terminology Previously these tumours have been variably referred to as leiomyomas, leiomyosarcomas...
Article

Linitis plastica

Linitis plastica is a descriptive term usually referring to the appearance of the stomach, although the rectum can also be described this way (see: linitis plastica of the rectum). The appearance is said to be reminiscent of an old leather water-bottle. Pathology The underlying cause is usuall...
Article

Shoulder sign of pyloric stenosis

The shoulder sign of pyloric stenosis is seen during barium examination and refers to the bulging of the hypertrophied pyloric muscle into the lumen of the antrum. It is closely related to the cervix sign of pyloric stenosis.  See also cervix sign of pyloric stenosis target sign of pyloric ...
Case

Pyloric stenosis

 Diagnosis certain
Dr Laughlin Dawes
Published 14 Jan 2010
91% complete
Ultrasound
Case

Pyloric stenosis

 Diagnosis certain
A.Prof Frank Gaillard
Published 14 Jan 2010
91% complete
UltrasoundDiagram
Case

Pyloric stenosis - diagram

Pyloric stenosis
 Diagnosis not applicable
A.Prof Frank Gaillard
Published 15 Jan 2010
19% complete
Diagram
Case

Gastric lipoma

 Diagnosis certain
A.Prof Frank Gaillard
Published 16 Jan 2010
62% complete
CT
Case

Gastric diverticulum

 Diagnosis certain
A.Prof Frank Gaillard
Published 16 Jan 2010
62% complete
CT
Article

Double bubble sign (duodenum)

The double bubble sign is seen in infants and represents dilatation of the proximal duodenum and stomach. It is seen in both radiographs and ultrasound, and can be identified antenatally 2. Pathology Causes include 1,2: congenital obstruction duodenal web duodenal atresia duodenal stenosis...

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