Items tagged “stub”

1,142 results found

Styloid apparatus

The styloid apparatus, found within the parapharyngeal space, refers to the structures derived from the 2nd branchial arch along with associated ligaments and muscles: styloid process of the temporal bone lesser horn of the hyoid bone stylohyoid ligament stylomandibular ligament stylohyoid ...

Liddle syndrome

Liddle's syndrome is an autosomal dominant condition which inhibits the normal degradation of the ENaC sodium channel, resulting in findings that mimic Conn's syndrome (hyperaldosteronism); hypernatraemia, hypokalaemia and elevated serum bicarbonate. Typically patients are asymptomatic other tha...

Pepper syndrome

Pepper syndrome is of interest only (the term is not readily used in day-to-day practice), and refers to primary adrenal neuroblastoma with extensive liver metastases 1. In essence, it refers to stage 4S neuroblastoma (see staging of neuroblastoma). 

Coronal suture

The coronal suture is the cranial suture formed between the two parietal bones and the frontal bone. At the junction of coronal, sagittal and frontal sutures is the anterior fontanelle which is open at birth and usually fuses at around 18-24 months after birth. Fusion of the coronal suture occu...

Indusium griseum

The indusium griseum is a thin layer of grey matter which covers the superior surface of the corpus callosum, extending from the paraterminal gyrus anteriorly to the dentate gyrus and hippocampus posteriorly via the fyrus fasciolaris. It has four longitudinal bundles (medial and lateral longitud...

Extreme capsule

The extreme capsule is a series of white matter tracts in the brain that run between the claustrum and insular cortex.

Forceps major

The forceps major, also known as the posterior forceps, is a fibre bundle which connects the occipital lobes and crosses the midline via the splenium of the corpus callosum. 

Forceps minor

The forceps minor, also known as the anterior forceps, is a fibre bundle which connects the lateral and medial surfaces of the frontal lobes and crosses the midline via the genu of the corpus callosum.

Paraphysis elements

The so-called paraphysis elements are embryonic structures which appears like a thin strand between telencephalon and the anterior portions of diencephalon 1. It is believed to be the structure which results in colloid cysts of the third ventricle.

Stria medullaris

The stria medullaris is a fiber bundle containing efferent fibers from the septal nuclei, lateral preoptico-hypothalamic region, and anterior thalamic nuclei to the habenula. It forms a horizontal ridge on the medial surface of the thalamus.

Wilson Mikity syndrome

Wilson Mikity syndrome (WMS) refers to chronic lung disease in premature infants, characterized by early development of cystic interstitial emphysema (PIE). This is now sometimes considered as part of the spectrum of bronchopulmonary dysplasia. See also chronic pulmonary insufficiency of prema...

Oro-antral fistula

Oro-antral fistula (OAF) is a pathological communication between the oral cavity and the maxillary sinus (antrum). Epidemiology There is a slightly greater male predilection 2. Pathology Subtypes Oro-antral fistulas may be subtyped by location into: alveolo-sinusal fistula palatal-sinusal...

Doppler shift

Doppler shift or Doppler effect is defined as the change in frequency of sound wave due to a reflector moving towards or away from an object, which in the case of ultrasound is the transducer. Doppler equation  F = 2fo(v/c)cos(Q) where: F is doppler frequency shift fo is transmitted frequen...

Multiple filling defects of the ureter (differential)

Multiple filling defects within a ureter, as seen on conventional IVU or CT IVU, have a relatively small differential including: spreading or multifocal transitional cell carcinoma (TCC) vascular indentations multiple ureteral stones (steinstrasse) blood clots ureteritis cystica Stevens-Jo...

Umbilical cord coiling index

Umbilical cord coiling index is defined as number of coils per one centimeter of length of the cord . Normal index is one coil for a length of five centimeters. If number of coils are more per centimeter it is called as hypercoiled and less than it is called as hypocoiled umbilical cord. This in...

Forked umbilical cord

Forked umbilical cord is rare anomaly of the umbilical cord, which can be detected on antenatal scan. The umbilical cord splits into two cords and contains three vessels in each of the bifurcated cords. This anomaly is seen associated with monochorionic twins. Radiographic features Ultrasound ...

Petromastoid canal

Petromastoid canal or subarcuate canal joins the mastoid antrum to the posterior cranial fossa 1 and contains the subarcuate vein and artery. Classification type I - invisible type II - less than 0.5 mm width type III - 0.5-1 mm width type IV - greater than 1 mm width 1 Radiographic featur...

Gymnast wrist

Gymnast wrist is defined as a chronic stress fracture (Salter Harris type I) of the distal radial growth plate. It is most commonly seen in young individuals involved in gymnastics. Radiographic features physeal plate irregularity physeal plate widening cystic changes in the physeal plate m...

Girdlestone procedure

The Girdlestone procedure (also known as a femoral head ostectomy or Girdlestone resection arthroplasty) is an excision arthroplasty of the hip. The procedure inevitably results in limb shortening. Indications  peri-prosthetic infection aseptic loosening recurrent dislocation failed interna...

Image plate artifact

Image plate artifact is caused by backscatter radiation. Backscatter radiation is transmitted through the back of the cassette to the cassette hinge where the lead coating gets weakened or cracked.  To reduce backscatter, the radiographer should collimate where possible.

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