Items tagged “summary”

177 results found
Article

Elbow radiograph (summary approach)

Elbow radiographs are common plain films that are obtained frequently in the emergency department. Summary approach alignment anterior humeral line drawn down the anterior surface of the humerus should intersect the middle 1/3 of the capitellum if it does not, think distal humeral fracture...
Article

Chest x-ray - an approach (summary)

Chest x-ray review is a key competency for medical students, junior doctors and other allied health professionals. Chest radiographs are frequently performed and a fantastic tool for making diagnoses of acute and chronic conditions, as well as acting as a tool for follow-up. Reference article ...
Article

Symptomatic pneumothorax (summary)

Pneumothoraces (singular: pneumothorax) are collections of gas within the pleural space. If the pneumothorax is under pressure, it is called a tension pneumothorax. Reference article This is a summary article; read more in our article on pneumothorax. Summary anatomy pleura epidemiology ...
Article

Tension pneumothorax (summary)

This is a basic article for medical students and other non-radiologists Tension pneumothoraces are pneumothoraces under pressure. If the pressure gets high enough, the pneumothorax can compress the heart and great vessels, and even cause cardiac arrest. Clinical presentation Presentation is u...
Article

Pleural effusion (summary)

This is a basic article for medical students and other non-radiologists Pleural effusions are collections of fluid within the pleural space. The term is usually reserved for collections of serous fluid and therefore excludes haemothorax, chylothorax, and pyothorax (empyema). Effusions may cause...
Article

Investigation of chest pain (basic)

This is a basic article for medical students and other non-radiologists Pleuritic chest pain is chest pain that is precipitated by movement or forceful breathing and tends to be sharp in nature. It is often accompanied by a perception of dyspnoea which may be secondary to suppression of respira...
Article

Lobar collapse (summary)

Lobar collapse is relatively common and occurs following obstruction of a bronchus. Gas is resorbed from the lung parenchyma distal to the obstruction resulting in the collapse of the lung, with volume reduction and negative mass effect. Reference article This is a summary article; read more i...
Article

Small bowel obstruction (summary)

Small bowel obstruction (SBO) accounts for 80% of all mechanical intestinal obstruction; the remaining 20% result from large bowel obstruction. It has a mortality rate of 5.5%. Reference article This is a summary article; read more in our article on small bowel obstruction. Summary epidemiol...
Article

Heart failure (basic)

This is a basic article for medical students and other non-radiologists Heart failure is a syndrome of cardiac ventricular dysfunction, where the heart is unable to pump sufficiently to meet the body's blood flow requirements. Clinical presentation Although it is useful to divide the signs an...
Article

Surgical emphysema (summary)

Surgical emphysema (or subcutaneous emphysema) occurs when air/gas is located in the subcutaneous tissues (the layer under the skin). This usually occurs in the chest, face or neck. Reference article This is a summary article; read more in our article on surgical emphysema. Summary pathophys...
Article

Pneumomediastinum (summary)

Pneumomediastinum describes air/gas within the mediastinum and is readily demonstrated on CT and may be seen on a chest radiograph. Reference article This is a summary article; read more in our article on pneumomediastinum. Summary pathophysiology gas within the mediastinum causes tracheo...
Article

Air-space opacification (summary)

Air-space opacification is a descriptive term that refers to filling of the pulmonary tree with material that attenuates x-rays more than the surrounding lung parenchyma. It is equivalent to the pathological diagnosis of pulmonary consolidation. Reference article This is a summary article; rea...
Article

Chest radiology for students (curriculum)

Chest radiology for students curriculum represents a core set of common pathology seen on the wards, usually during medical, or elderly care blocks.
Article

Chest x-ray: ET tube position (summary)

Chest x-ray ET (endotracheal tube) position should be assessed following initial placement and on subsequent radiographs. Reference article This is a summary article; we do not have a more in-depth reference article. Summary normal tip 5 cm above carina width 2/3 tracheal diameter cuff sh...
Article

Nasogastric tube position on chest x-ray (summary)

Nasogastric (NG) tube position on chest x-ray should be assessed following initial placement and on subsequent radiographs. Reference article This is a summary article; we do not have a more in-depth reference article. Summary confirming position x-rays are only performed when the position ...
Article

Large bowel obstruction (summary)

Large bowel obstruction (LBO) occurs when there is mechanical obstruction of the large bowel and is often impressive on imaging on account of the ability of the large bowel to massively distend. This condition requires prompt diagnosis and treatment.  Reference article This is a summary articl...
Article

Neuroradiology for students (curriculum)

Neuroradiology curriculum for medical students is broadly split into content that refers to imaging (the test and findings) and conditions that are considered key for this stage of training.
Article

Bowel perforation (summary)

Bowel perforation is an acute surgical emergency where there is a release of gastric or intestinal contents into the peritoneal space. Reference article This is a summary article; read more in our article on bowel perforation. Summary epidemiology depends on the cause presentation history...
Article

Chest x-ray airway (summary)

Chest x-ray review is a key competency for medical students, junior doctors and other allied health professionals. Using A, B, C, D, E is a helpful and systematic method for chest x-ray review where A refers to the assessment of the airways. Reference article This is a summary article; we do n...
Article

Chest x-ray: breathing (summary)

Chest x-ray review is a key competency for medical students, junior doctors and other allied health professionals. Using A, B, C, D, E is a helpful and systematic method for chest x-ray review where B refers to breathing and the assessment of the lungs and pleural spaces. Reference article Thi...

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