Items tagged “summary”

156 results found
Article

Chest x-ray: circulation (summary)

This is a basic article for medical students and other non-radiologists Chest x-ray review is a key competency for medical students, junior doctors and other allied health professionals. Using A, B, C, D, E is a helpful and systematic method for chest x-ray review where C refers to circulation ...
Article

Chest x-ray: disability (summary)

This is a basic article for medical students and other non-radiologists Chest x-ray review is a key competency for medical students, junior doctors and other allied health professionals. Using A, B, C, D, E is a helpful and systematic method for chest x-ray review where D refers to disability a...
Article

Chest x-ray (exposure summary)

This is a basic article for medical students and other non-radiologists Chest x-ray review is a key competency for medical students, junior doctors and other allied health professionals. Using A, B, C, D, E is a helpful and systematic method for chest x-ray review where E refers to "everything ...
Article

Chest x-ray: initial review (summary)

This is a basic article for medical students and other non-radiologists Chest x-ray review is a key competency for medical students, junior doctors and other allied health professionals. Using A, B, C, D, E is a helpful and systematic method for approaching a chest x-ray. However, before jumpin...
Article

Pulmonary embolism (summary)

This is a basic article for medical students and other non-radiologists Pulmonary embolism refers to occlusion of the pulmonary arteries or its branches, usually via venous thrombus. Reference article This is a summary article; read more in our article on pulmonary embolism. Summary epidemi...
Article

Extradural hemorrhage (summary)

This is a basic article for medical students and other non-radiologists Extradural hemorrhages (EDH) represent collections of blood in the extradural (epidural) space. The hemorrhage sits between the skull superficially and the dura which overlies the brain parenchyma. Reference article This ...
Article

Subdural hemorrhage (summary)

This is a basic article for medical students and other non-radiologists Subdural hemorrhage (SDH) is a collection of blood between the dura and the arachnoid layers of the meninges. They are common and can occur in any age range, usually related to a history of head trauma. Prognosis tends to d...
Article

Subarachnoid hemorrhage (summary)

This is a basic article for medical students and other non-radiologists Subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) is bleeding into the subarachnoid space. This is usually found centrally (around the circle of Willis) but can occur in other parts of the brain. Reference article This is a summary article; ...
Article

Spinal cord compression (summary)

This is a basic article for medical students and other non-radiologists Spinal cord compression is a surgical emergency and if unrecognised or untreated, can result in irreversible neurological damage and disability. If the spinal roots below the conus medullaris are involved, it is termed caud...
Article

Stroke (summary)

This is a basic article for medical students and other non-radiologists Stroke is a clinical diagnosis where an acute neurological deficit follows a cerebrovascular insult. There are two main groups of stroke: ischemic (>80%) or hemorrhagic (<20%) 1. Reference article This is a summary articl...
Article

Intracranial tumors (summary)

This is a basic article for medical students and other non-radiologists Intracranial tumors comprise a heterogeneous group of tumors. In adult patients, the majority represent metastatic disease with a smaller proportion being primary brain tumors. Metastasis to the brain occurs, most commonly,...
Article

Cerebral abscess (summary)

This is a basic article for medical students and other non-radiologists Cerebral abscesses represent focal areas of infection within brain parenchyma, usually containing pus and having a thick capsule. They typically have enhancing walls and can mimic a number of other significant pathologies. ...
Article

Skull fractures (summary)

This is a basic article for medical students and other non-radiologists Skull fractures usually occur following significant head injury and may herald underlying neurological pathology. Reference article This is a summary article; read more in our article on skull fractures. Summary anatomy...
Article

Investigating head injury (summary)

This is a basic article for medical students and other non-radiologists Investigating head injury is frequently required because head injury is common: in the US there are 1.3 million traumatic brain injuries per year 1. Causes include falls (children and the elderly), motor vehicle accidents (...
Article

Investigating focal weakness (summary)

This is a basic article for medical students and other non-radiologists Investigating focal weakness makes up a large proportion of workload for neurologists and neuroradiologists. A wide range of serious CNS disorders can present with focal weakness. Appropriate timely imaging can guide diagno...
Article

Investigating severe headache (summary)

This is a basic article for medical students and other non-radiologists Investigating severe headache is a common requirement in both acute and emergency services. It is also common in neurology clinics and GP surgeries. While many of the headaches are benign a large number of patients require ...
Article

Investigating seizures (summary)

This is a basic article for medical students and other non-radiologists Seizures are a common medical emergency and presentation to emergency departments 1-3. All new seizures or changes in seizure activity merit assessment with neurologists, and usually require neuroimaging 3,4. They can be di...
Article

Investigating cauda equina syndrome (summary)

This is a basic article for medical students and other non-radiologists Cauda equina syndrome (CES) is the compression of nerve roots within the cauda equina and a medical emergency that requires prompt diagnosis, investigation and treatment if the prognosis is to be anything other than bleak 1...
Article

Investigating altered consciousness (summary)

This is a basic article for medical students and other non-radiologists Altered consciousness or confusion is a common reason for admission to hospital, and involvement of radiology 1,2. Although the most common reason for acute confusion is intoxication which will improve - when altered neuro...
Article

MRI brain (summary)

This is a basic article for medical students and other non-radiologists MRI brain is a specialist investigation that is used for the assessment of a number of neurological conditions. It is the main method to investigate conditions such as multiple sclerosis and headaches, and used to character...

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