Items tagged “testicle”

45 results found
Article

Unilateral testicular lesions

The differential diagnosis for unilateral testicular lesions is wide-ranging.  Neoplastic Common seminoma (40-50% of tumours) non seminomatous germ cell tumours: testicular teratoma testicular epidermoid (teratoma with ectodermal elements only) testicular choriocarcinoma testicular embry...
Article

Scrotolith

Scrotoliths, also known as scrotal pearls, are benign incidental extra testicular macro-calcifications within the scrotum. They frequently occupy the potential space of the tunica vaginalis or sinus of the epididymis. They are usually of no clinical significance 1,2. Clinical presentation Most...
Article

Testicular cancer

Testicular cancers are the most common neoplasm in men between the ages of 20 and 34 years. Epidemiology Testicular cancer is uncommon, accounting for less than 1% of all internal organ malignancies 2. The demographics of affected individuals depends on the age of the histology of the tumour....
Article

Paratesticular tumours

A paratesticular mass may derive from a number of structures that surround the testicle within the scrotum; most commonly, they derive from the spermatic cord.  Pathology The masses can be categorised as benign (70%) or malignant (30%). Aetiology Benign spermatic cord lipoma (most common pa...
Case

Testicular teratoma

Cfi Right Left Te...
 Diagnosis certain
Dr Maulik S Patel
Published 15 Jun 2010
85% complete
Ultrasound
Article

Tubular ectasia of rete testis

Tubular ectasia of rete testis represents dilated testicular mediastinal tubules.  Epidemiology This condition is more common in men over the age of 55 years.  Pathology This is a benign condition thought to result from the partial or complete obliteration of the efferent ducts. These sperma...
Article

Cryptorchidism

Cryptorchidism refers to an absence of a testis (or testes) in the scrotal sac. It may refer to an undescended testis, ectopic testis, or an atrophic or absent testis. Correct localisation of the testes is essential because surgical management varies on location. Pathology The testes develop i...
Article

Testicular yolk sac tumour

Testicular yolk sac tumours (also known as endodermal sinus tumour of the testis) is the most common childhood testicular tumour (80%), with most cases occurring before the age of two years 1. In adults, pure yolk sac tumour is extremely rare, however mixed germ cell tumour are commonly seen. P...
Case

Hydrocele of spermatic cord and of tunica vaginalis

 Diagnosis probable
Dr Maulik S Patel
Published 24 Apr 2012
63% complete
Ultrasound
Case

Testicular microlithiasis

 Diagnosis certain
Dr Maulik S Patel
Published 05 May 2012
75% complete
Ultrasound
Article

Scrotum

The scrotum (plural: scrota or scrotums) is a dual-chambered protuberance of skin and muscle that contains the testes, epididymides, and spermatic cord. It consists of two chambers separated by a septum. It is an extension of the perineum, and is located between the penis and anus. Gross anatom...
Article

Testis

The testes, also known as the testicles, are the male gonads and are contained within the scrotum. The testes are responsible for the production of sperm and testosterone. Gross anatomy At birth, testes measure approximately 1.5 cm (length) x 1 cm (width), reaching ~4 mL volume at puberty 1. ...
Case

Testicular torsion

 Diagnosis certain
Dr Maulik S Patel
Published 11 Sep 2012
91% complete
Ultrasound
Case

Adenomatoid tumour of the scrotum

 Diagnosis probable
Dr Ali Abougazia
Published 20 Apr 2013
63% complete
Ultrasound
Case

Testicular yolk sac tumour

 Diagnosis possible
Dr Hani Salam
Published 01 Jun 2013
35% complete
Ultrasound
Case

Testicular atrophy

 Diagnosis probable
Dr Maulik S Patel
Published 28 Jun 2013
60% complete
Ultrasound
Case

Scrotal haematocele

 Diagnosis almost certain
Dr Maulik S Patel
Published 02 Dec 2013
66% complete
Ultrasound
Case

Testicular torsion

 Diagnosis certain
Dr Maulik S Patel
Published 12 Apr 2014
91% complete
Ultrasound
Article

Tunica vaginalis testis mesothelioma

Tunica vaginalis testis mesothelioma refers to mesothelioma arising from the tunica vaginalis.  Epidemiology Malignant mesothelioma originating from the tunica vaginalis is extremely rare.  Clinical presentation  Patients usually present with enlarging or recurrent hydrocele, or less frequen...
Case

Scrotal ultrasound - multiple pathology

 Diagnosis almost certain
Dr Maulik S Patel
Published 10 Aug 2014
72% complete
Ultrasound

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