Items tagged “thyroid”

76 results found
Article

Papillary thyroid cancer

Papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) is the most common malignancy of the thyroid gland, and frequently has nodal metastases at presentation. Epidemiology Papillary thyroid cancer (as is the case with follicular thyroid cancer) typically occurs in the middle-aged, with a peak incidence in the 3rd...
Article

Thyroid cancer (staging)

Successful treatment of thyroid cancer highly depends on accurate preoperative staging. Ultrasound and ultrasound-guided FNA or core biopsy remain the investigation of choice for diagnosing primary thyroid malignancies. CT and MRI are inferior to ultrasound for characterising thyroid nodules, h...
Article

Assessment of thyroid lesions (general)

Assessment of thyroid lesions is commonly encountered in radiological practice. Thyroid mass hyperplastic / colloid nodule / nodular hyperplasia: 85% adenoma follicular: 5% others: rare carcinoma papillary: 60-80% of carcinomas follicular: 10-20% medullary: 5% anaplastic: 1-2% thyroi...
Article

Thyroidea ima artery

The thyroidea ima artery is an uncommon variant of the blood supply to the inferior aspect of the thyroid gland. It is reported in ~7.5% (range 1.5-12.2%) of individuals and can arise from: brachiocephalic trunk right common carotid artery aortic arch internal thoracic artery The thyroidea ...
Case

Papillary thyroid cancer nodal metastases

Axial CT
 Diagnosis certain
A.Prof Frank Gaillard
Published 07 May 2008
95% complete
CT
Case

Goitre (massive)

Axial
 Diagnosis certain
A.Prof Frank Gaillard
Published 05 Aug 2008
62% complete
CT
Case

Pyramidal thyroid lobe

 Diagnosis certain
A.Prof Frank Gaillard
Published 18 Sep 2008
56% complete
CT
Article

Follicular thyroid cancer

Follicular thyroid carcinoma (FTC) is the second most frequent malignancy of the thyroid gland after papillary cancer and accounts for ≈10-20% of all thyroid neoplasms.  Epidemiology It typically occurs in women and in an older age group than papillary (i.e. 40-60 years of age). Pathology Un...
Case

Thyroglossal duct cyst

Thyroglossal Duct...
 Diagnosis almost certain
A.Prof Frank Gaillard
Published 18 May 2009
75% complete
CTUltrasound
Case

Lingual thyroid

Nm Thyroid Scan
 Diagnosis certain
A.Prof Frank Gaillard
Published 18 May 2009
91% complete
Nuclear medicineDiagram
Article

Congenital hypothyroidism (mnemonic)

The features of an infant with congenital hypothyroidism can be recalled with the following mnemonic: 5 Ps of congenital hypothyroidism Mnemonic P: pot belly P: pallor P: puffy face P: protruding umbilicus P: poked out tongue
Case

Thyroglossal duct cyst

 Diagnosis probable
Dr Ruslan Esedov
Published 03 Nov 2009
30% complete
CT
Case

Skull metastases from thyroid malignancy

 Diagnosis probable
Dr Paresh K Desai
Published 20 Nov 2009
36% complete
CT
Article

Medullary thyroid cancer

Medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC) is a subtype of thyroid cancer which accounts for 5-10% of all thyroid malignancies. It occurs both sporadically (80%) and as a familial form. Epidemiology In nonfamilial cases it typically peaks in the 3rd to 4th decades. Pathology Thought to arise from par...
Case

Papillary thyroid carcinoma: neck node metastases

 Diagnosis certain
A.Prof Frank Gaillard
Published 15 Dec 2009
74% complete
CT
Case

Pleural metastases from thyroid cancer

 Diagnosis certain
A.Prof Frank Gaillard
Published 11 Jan 2010
59% complete
CTX-ray
Case

Papillary thyroid carcinoma: with miliary metastases

 Diagnosis certain
Dr Hani Salam
Published 14 Feb 2010
92% complete
X-rayCTUltrasound
Case

Papillary thyroid carcinoma with miliary metastases

Miliary Metastases
 Diagnosis certain
Dr Hani Salam
Published 19 Mar 2010
86% complete
CTX-ray
Article

Anaplastic thyroid carcinoma

Anaplastic thyroid carcinoma (ATC) is a highly aggressive form of thyroid cancer and accounts for ~1-2% of primary thyroid malignancies. Of all the subtypes, this carries the worst prognosis. Epidemiology Typically occurs in the elderly (peak incidence in 6th to 7th decades). A significant pro...
Case

Sublingual thyroid

Abscent normal th...
 Diagnosis almost certain
Dr Hani Salam
Published 04 Apr 2010
44% complete
UltrasoundNuclear medicine

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