Items tagged “trauma”

561 results found
Article

Acromioclavicular injury

Acromioclavicular joint injuries are common and range from a mild sprain to complete disruption of the acromioclavicular joint (ACJ) and injury to surrounding structures.  Pathology Mechanism Acromioclavicular joint injuries usually occur from a direct blow or following a fall onto the should...
Article

Orbital blow-out fracture

Orbital blow-out fractures occur when there is a fracture of one of the walls of orbit but the orbital rim remains intact. Typically, this is caused by a direct blow to the central orbit from a fist or ball. Epidemiology The blow-out fracture is the commonest type of orbital fracture and is us...
Article

Mayfield classification of carpal instability (perilunate instability)

Mayfield classification of carpal instability, also known as perilunate instability classification (carpal dislocations), describes carpal ligament injuries.  Instability has been divided into four stages 1-2: stage I: scapholunate dissociation (rotatory subluxation of the scaphoid) disruptio...
Article

Coraco-clavicular ligament injury

Coracoclavicular (CC) ligament injury is common with shoulder trauma. It is considered part of the spectrum of acromioclavicular joint injuries 2 and is not often an isolated injury. It is also often injured with clavicular fractures.  This injury is easy to miss, especially with presence of an...
Article

Duodenal haematoma

Duodenal haematoma results in haematoma formation in the duodenal wall. It may occur as a result of blunt abdominal trauma, non-accidental injury to children and spontaneously in anti-coagulated patients. Distinction must be made from duodenal perforation since the latter will require immediate...
Article

Extradural haemorrhage

Extradural haematoma (EDH), also known as an epidural haematoma, is a collection of blood that forms between the inner surface of the skull and outer layer of the dura, which is called the endosteal layer. They are usually associated with a history of head trauma and frequently associated skull ...
Article

Lipohaemarthrosis

Lipohaemarthrosis results from an intra-articular fracture with escape of fat and blood from the bone marrow into the joint, and is most frequently seen in the knee, associated with a tibial plateau fracture or distal femoral fracture. They have also been described in the hip, shoulder and elbow...
Article

AAST liver injury scale

The 1994 revision of the AAST (American Association for the Surgery of Trauma) liver injury scale is the most widely used liver injury grading system at the time of writing (late 2016).  Classification grade I haematoma: subcapsular, <10% surface area laceration: capsular tear, <1 cm  parenc...
Article

AAST kidney injury scale

The American Association for the Surgery of Trauma (AAST) renal injury scale 3-4 is the most widely used grading system for renal trauma at the time of writing (late 2016). Severity is assessed according to the depth of renal parenchymal damage and involvement of the urinary collecting system a...
Article

Thoracic aortic injury

Thoracic aortic injury is the most common type of traumatic aortic injury and is a critical life-threatening, and often life ending event. It can result from either blunt or penetrating trauma: blunt trauma (more common) rapid deceleration (eg. motor vehicle accident, fall from great height) ...
Case

Elbow joint effusion (sail sign)

X-ray
 Diagnosis certain
A.Prof Frank Gaillard
Published 07 May 2008
77% complete
X-rayCTPhoto
Case

Gunshot wound to humerus

Gsw
 Diagnosis certain
A.Prof Frank Gaillard
Published 20 May 2008
75% complete
X-ray
Case

Fracture dislocation of middle finger

 Diagnosis certain
A.Prof Frank Gaillard
Published 26 May 2008
85% complete
X-ray
Case

Frontal scalp laceration

 Diagnosis certain
A.Prof Frank Gaillard
Published 21 Jun 2008
56% complete
MRI
Case

Caroticocavernous fistula (direct)

Lateral
 Diagnosis certain
A.Prof Frank Gaillard
Published 10 Jul 2008
82% complete
DSA (angiography)
Case

L1 fracture dislocation

 Diagnosis certain
A.Prof Frank Gaillard
Published 12 Sep 2008
87% complete
MRICT
Case

Complete disc and ligamentous disruption

T1/2
 Diagnosis certain
A.Prof Frank Gaillard
Published 19 Sep 2008
59% complete
CT
Article

Cerebral ring enhancing lesions (mnemonic)

Convenient mnemonics for the causes of cerebral ring enhancing lesions are: MAGIC DR or DR MAGIC DR MAGIC L MAGICAL DR Mnemonics MAGIC DR or DR MAGIC M: metastasis A: abscess G: glioblastoma I: infarct (subacute phase) C: contusion D: demyelinating disease R: radiation necrosis or re...
Case

Gunshot wound to head

 Diagnosis certain
A.Prof Frank Gaillard
Published 26 Nov 2008
62% complete
CT
Case

Diffuse axonal injury

DAI GE
 Diagnosis almost certain
A.Prof Frank Gaillard
Published 18 Dec 2008
65% complete
MRI

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