Items tagged “trauma”

675 results found
Article

Orbital blow-out fracture

Orbital blow-out fractures occur when there is a fracture of one of the walls of orbit but the orbital rim remains intact. This is typically caused by a direct blow to the central orbit from a fist or ball. Epidemiology The blow-out fracture is the most common type of orbital fracture and is u...
Article

Mayfield classification of carpal instability (perilunate instability)

Mayfield classification of carpal instability, also known as perilunate instability classification (carpal dislocations), describes carpal ligament injuries.  Instability has been divided into four stages 1-2: stage I: scapholunate dissociation (rotatory subluxation of the scaphoid) disruptio...
Article

Coracoclavicular ligament injury

Coracoclavicular (CC) ligament injury is common with shoulder trauma. It is considered part of the spectrum of acromioclavicular joint injuries 2 and is not often an isolated injury. It is also often injured with clavicular fractures.  This injury is easy to miss, especially with the presence o...
Article

Duodenal hematoma

Duodenal hematoma results in hematoma formation in the duodenal wall. It may occur as a result of blunt abdominal trauma, non-accidental injury to children and spontaneously in anti-coagulated patients. Distinction must be made from duodenal perforation since the latter will require immediate s...
Article

Extradural hemorrhage

Extradural hematoma (EDH), also known as an epidural hematoma, is a collection of blood that forms between the inner surface of the skull and outer layer of the dura, which is called the endosteal layer. They are usually associated with a history of head trauma and frequently associated skull fr...
Article

Lipohemarthrosis

Lipohemarthrosis results from an intra-articular fracture with escape of fat and blood from the bone marrow into the joint, and is most frequently seen in the knee, associated with a tibial plateau fracture or distal femoral fracture; rarely a patellar fracture. They have also been described in ...
Article

AAST liver injury scale

The AAST (American Association for the Surgery of Trauma) liver injury scale, most recently revised in 2018, is the most widely used liver injury grading system 3. The 2018 update incorporates "vascular injury" (i.e. pseudoaneurysm, arteriovenous fistula) into the imaging criteria for visceral ...
Article

AAST kidney injury scale

The American Association for the Surgery of Trauma (AAST) renal injury scale, most recently updated in 2018, is the most widely used grading system for renal trauma. The 2018 update incorporates "vascular injury" (i.e. pseudoaneurysm, arteriovenous fistula) into the imaging criteria for viscera...
Article

Thoracic aortic injury

Thoracic aortic injury is the most common type of traumatic aortic injury and is a critical life-threatening, and often life-ending event.  Clinical presentation Approximately 80% of patients with thoracic aortic injury die at the scene of the trauma. In those who make it to hospital, clinical...
Case

Elbow joint effusion (sail sign)

 Diagnosis certain
Assoc Prof Frank Gaillard
Published 07 May 2008
80% complete
X-rayCT
Case

Gunshot wound to humerus

 Diagnosis certain
Assoc Prof Frank Gaillard
Published 20 May 2008
75% complete
X-ray
Case

Fracture dislocation of middle finger

 Diagnosis certain
Assoc Prof Frank Gaillard
Published 26 May 2008
91% complete
X-ray
Case

Frontal scalp laceration

 Diagnosis certain
Assoc Prof Frank Gaillard
Published 21 Jun 2008
65% complete
MRI
Case

Caroticocavernous fistula (direct)

 Diagnosis certain
Assoc Prof Frank Gaillard
Published 10 Jul 2008
69% complete
DSA (angiography)
Case

Spinal fracture dislocation - L1

 Diagnosis certain
Assoc Prof Frank Gaillard
Published 12 Sep 2008
75% complete
MRICT
Case

Complete disc and ligamentous disruption

 Diagnosis certain
Assoc Prof Frank Gaillard
Published 19 Sep 2008
59% complete
CT
Case

Gunshot wound to head

 Diagnosis certain
Assoc Prof Frank Gaillard
Published 26 Nov 2008
62% complete
CT
Case

Diffuse axonal injury

 Diagnosis almost certain
Assoc Prof Frank Gaillard
Published 18 Dec 2008
74% complete
MRI
Article

Renal vascular pedicle injury

Renal vascular pedicle injury  is a severe form of renal trauma, which if not recognized and treated expediently, can lead to the loss of the kidney.  Radiographic features CT Contrast enhanced CT is the Imaging modality of choice. On CT it is recognized as a non-enhancing kidney. Perirenal h...
Case

Ruptured globe

 Diagnosis certain
Assoc Prof Frank Gaillard
Published 06 Jan 2009
68% complete
CT