Items tagged “trauma”

675 results found
Article

Mandibular fracture

Mandibular fractures are relatively common especially among young men. Although traditionally the mandible and base of skull are thought to form a complete bony ring, interrupted only by the TMJs. This should mean that the mandible should fracture in two places (akin to the bony pelvis) making s...
Article

Temporomandibular joint trauma

The temporomandibular joint (TMJ) can be affected by trauma in a number of ways: condylar process fractures temporomandibular joint dislocation fracture of the mandibular fossa
Case

Stabbing of the skull with hemorrhage

 Diagnosis certain
Assoc Prof Frank Gaillard
Published 01 Mar 2009
72% complete
CT
Case

Extradural hematoma

 Diagnosis certain
Assoc Prof Frank Gaillard
Published 19 Apr 2009
83% complete
CT
Case

Gunshot wound to head

 Diagnosis certain
Assoc Prof Frank Gaillard
Published 24 Apr 2009
69% complete
X-ray
Article

Odontoid fracture

Odontoid process fracture, also known as a peg or dens fracture, occurs where there is a fracture through the odontoid process of C2. Pathology The mechanism of injury is variable, and can occur both during flexion or extension, and with or without compression 5. Classification There are two...
Case

5th metatarsal fracture

 Diagnosis certain
Dr Jeremy Jones
Published 19 Jun 2009
66% complete
X-ray
Case

Distal radial longitudinal fracture

 Diagnosis certain
Dr Jeremy Jones
Published 19 Jun 2009
82% complete
X-ray
Case

Distal radial and ulnar styloid fracture

 Diagnosis certain
Dr Jeremy Jones
Published 19 Jun 2009
69% complete
X-ray
Case

3rd metacarpal fracture

 Diagnosis certain
Dr Jeremy Jones
Published 19 Jun 2009
75% complete
X-ray
Case

5th metatarsal fracture

 Diagnosis certain
Dr Jeremy Jones
Published 29 Jun 2009
75% complete
X-ray
Article

Sternoclavicular joint injury

Sternoclavicular joint injuries are uncommon and can vary from a mild joint capsule sprain to serious dislocation. This article is focused on sternoclavicular joint dislocations.  Epidemiology Most cases result from indirect trauma 5, especially high-speed motor vehicle accidents. They can rar...
Case

Lipohemarthrosis

 Diagnosis certain
Dr Jeremy Jones
Published 23 Aug 2009
69% complete
Annotated imageX-ray
Case

C6-7 fracture-dislocation

 Diagnosis certain
Ahmed Almuslim
Published 26 Aug 2009
92% complete
MRIX-rayCT
Article

Temporal bone fracture complications (mnemonic)

A helpful mnemonic for remembering the complications of temporal bone fractures that may require early intervention is:  CLONE Mnemonic C: carotid artery injury L: leakage of CSF O: other intracranial complications, e.g. hematoma N: nerve injury leading to complete facial paralysis E: ext...
Article

Raccoon eyes sign (base of skull fracture)

Raccoon eyes sign (or panda eyes in the UK and Ireland) refers to periorbital ecchymosis with sparing of the tarsal plate 3 and is a physical examination finding indicative of a base of skull fracture of the anterior cranial fossa. However it is not pathognomonic for trauma, and there are sever...
Case

Cerebral contusions - bifrontal

 Diagnosis almost certain
Assoc Prof Frank Gaillard
Published 09 Sep 2009
48% complete
CT
Article

Perthes lesion

Perthes lesion of the shoulder is one of the types of anterior glenohumeral injury in which the anterior inferior labrum is torn and lifted from the edge of the glenoid 1 but still attached to the intact lifted periosteum from the anterior aspect of the glenoid. Although the labrum may be normal...
Case

Pulmonary contusion

 Diagnosis almost certain
Gagandeep Singh
Published 24 Sep 2009
43% complete
CTX-ray
Article

Posterior dislocation of the hip

Posterior dislocations of the hip, although uncommon, are the most common direction of dislocation for this joint, outnumbering anterior dislocations 9:1. Pathology It most frequently occurs in the setting of significant trauma, given a large amount of force required. The most common scenario ...