Items tagged “tuberculosis”

8 results found
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Tuberculosis

Tuberculosis (commonly abbreviated to TB, short for tubercle bacillus) encompasses an enormously wide disease spectrum affecting multiple organs and body systems predominantly caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis. A small proportion can also be caused by Mycobacterium bovis through drinking unpa...
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Plombage

Plombage, also known as extraperiosteal or extrapleural pneumonolysis, is a historical treatment method for cavitary tuberculosis of the upper lobes of the lungs. It was used in the 1930s, 1940s, and 1950s prior to the introduction of effective antituberculous drugs, when treatment of tuberculos...
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Moth eaten calyces

Moth eaten calyx refers to the ragged, feathery calyceal outline due to irregular erosions of the calyx. It is one of the earliest excretory urographic appearance of genitourinary tuberculosis.  Pathology This appearance is due to necrotizing papillitis, which may further progress to form medu...
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Ileocecal tuberculosis

Ileocecal tuberculosis is the most common site of gastrointestinal tuberculosis, which in turn is the third most common site of extrapulmonary tuberculosis.  Pathology Three morphological types of ileocecal tuberculosis are known: ulcerative  hypertrophic ulcerohypertrophic Radiographic fe...
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Extrapulmonary tuberculosis

Extrapulmonary tuberculosis (TB) refers to the hematogenous spread of Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Pathology Extrapulmonary tuberculosis can occur as a primary form of the disease, i.e. direct infection of an extrapulmonary organ without the presence of primary pulmonary tuberculosis or it can ...
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Watermelon skin sign

The watermelon skin sign refers to diffuse, radiating, streaky areas of low signal intensity in prostate on T2WI in patients with prostatic tuberculosis 1.  
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Prostatic tuberculosis

Prostatic tuberculosis or tuberculous prostatitis is an uncommon extrapulmonary manifestation of Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection. This is sometimes classified a sub type of granulomatous prostatitis. Epidemiology Primary tuberculosis of the prostate is rare. Genitourinary tuberculosis con...
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Tuberculous pleuritis

Tuberculous pleuritis is a form of pleural tuberculosis and refers to inflammation of the pleura due to infection by Mycobacterium tuberculosis. It is considered the second most common form of extra-pulmonary tuberculosis 1. It may progress into a tuberculous empyema. Epidemiology It may be co...