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According to the Terminologia Neuroanatomica, the corpus striatum is synonymous with the basal nuclei. Some anatomists also include the subthalamic nuclei and substantiae nigrae within the basal nuclei, which are not included in the corpus striatum, but this usage is not universal 1.
Per the Terminologia Anatomica/Neuroanatomica 3,4, the corpus striatum includes the striatum (neostriatum) and pallidum. The (neo)striatum includes the caudate nucleus, putamen, and nucleus accumbens. The pallidum includes the globus pallidus (paleostriatum). Also included are the striatal fiber tracts of the ansa lenticularis, lenticular fasciculus, subthalamic fasciculus, and thalamic fasciculus.
History and etymology
- 1. Hegde A, Mohan S, Lath N, Lim C. Differential Diagnosis for Bilateral Abnormalities of the Basal Ganglia and Thalamus. Radiographics. 2011;31(1):5-30. doi:10.1148/rg.311105041 - Pubmed
- 2. Finger S. Origins of Neuroscience. Oxford University Press. (2001) ISBN:0195146948. Read it at Google Books - Find it at Amazon
- 3. FIPAT. Terminologia Anatomica. 2nd ed. Federative International Programme for Anatomical Terminology, 2019. FIPAT.library.dal.ca
- 4. FIPAT. Terminologia Neuroanatomica. Federative International Programme for Anatomical Terminology, February 2017. FIPAT.library.dal.ca