Osteitis condensans of the clavicle is characterized by benign sclerosis of the inferomedial third of the clavicle. Its radiological appearance is homologous to that of the similarly-named osteitis condensans ilii, although no association has been reported.
It usually affects women of childbearing age. It can present with pain on the abduction of the arm and localized swelling. Unlike osteitis condensans ilii, it is usually unilateral.
The syndrome seems to be a response to mechanical stress. Histology reveals thickened trabeculae, with both lamellar and woven components. Devitalised bone is present, suggesting remodeling. Periosteal reaction is often seen histologically.
Plain radiograph and CT
Sclerosis of the inferior aspect of the medial third of the clavicle is seen, typically unilateral. It can sometimes be associated with a small osteophyte, but should never be associated with subchondral cysts, joint space narrowing or erosions.
Treatment and prognosis
It carries a good prognosis. Pain can usually be managed with anti-inflammatory drugs.
History and etymology
It was initially described by Brower, Sweet and Keats in 1974 1.
The differentials are those of a sclerotic clavicle and include:
- 1. Rand T, Schweitzer M, Rafii M, Nguyen K, Garcia M, Resnick D. Condensing osteitis of the clavicle: MRI. (1998) Journal of computer assisted tomography. 22 (4): 621-4. Pubmed
- 2. A Greenspan, E Gerscovich, R M Szabo, J G Matthews, 2nd. Condensing osteitis of the clavicle: a rare but frequently misdiagnosed condition. (2013) AJR. American journal of roentgenology. 156 (5): 1011-5. doi:10.2214/ajr.156.5.2017922 - Pubmed
- 3. Brower AC, Sweet DE, Keats TE. Condensing osteitis of the clavicle: a new entity. (1974) The American journal of roentgenology, radium therapy, and nuclear medicine. 121 (1): 17-21. Pubmed