Mastoiditis

Case contributed by Dr Henry Knipe

Presentation

Left ear pain and fever not improving on antibiotics.

Patient Data

Age: 45 years
Gender: Male
CT

No intra- or extra-axial collection or haemorrhage demonstrated. No focal abnormality. Grey-white differentiation is preserved. Ventricular size, sulcal pattern and basal cisterns all appear normal. Dural venous sinuses are normal density.

Opacification of the left middle air cleft and left mastoid air cells. No bony destruction or ossicular disruption. Soft tissue thickening of the external acoustic canal. The fossa of Rosenmuller is unremarkable.

MRI

Left middle ear cleft and mastoid are fluid-filled with associated peripheral post contrast-enhancement. There is enhancing oedema also extending beyond the mastoid tip. No widespread diffusion restriction, although there may be a focus in the most inferior mastoid air cell. 

Case Discussion

The presence of fluid in the mastoid air cells does not automatically make the diagnosis of mastoiditis. If there is absence of bony destruction on CT (or other complications), the diagnosis is impossible to make. On MRI, the presence of fluid in the mastoid air cells should be accompanied by mucosal enhancement and/or diffusion restriction is required. The presence of extramastoid change (in this case the soft tissue enhancement at the tip of the mastoid process) is also a helpful adjunct in making the diagnosis. 

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Case information

rID: 44261
Case created: 13th Apr 2016
Last edited: 6th May 2016
System: Head & Neck
Inclusion in quiz mode: Included

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