Lateral hemivertebra

A lateral hemivertebra is a form of hemivertebra which occurs when one of the two chondrification centers fails to develop. They can be single or multiple and usually associated in the formation of scoliosis

Pathology

Subtypes

Various subtypes have been descrbied

  • incarcerated hemivertebra
    • triangular in shape
    • have a disc shape
    • endplates of adjoining vertebrae are configured to accomondate the shape of the hemivertebra 
  • non-incarcerated hemivertebra / free hemivertebra
    • trapezoidal in shape
    • endplates of adjacent vertebrae are of normal shape
    • may have a progressive scoliosis
  • multiple non-incarcerated hemivertebrae
  • non segmented vertebra: half segment is fused to adjacent disc with no intervening disc 
Associations

Reported associations include

There are also multiple other syndromic associations as with hemivertebrae in general

Article information

rID: 51284
System: Spine
Synonyms or Alternate Spellings:
  • Lateral hemivertebrae

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Cases and figures

  • Case 1: in upper thoracic spine
    Drag here to reorder.
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