Occipital nerve stimulators

Dr Henry Knipe and Dr Ian Bickle et al.

Occipital nerve stimulators are a type of neuromodulation therapy aimed at treating chronic refractory headache and craniofacial pain such as occipital neuralgia 1-3. This form of non-pharmaceutical therapy involves an implantable device composed of an electrode and a pulse generator. 


The leads are placed superficially in the region of the greater occipital and lesser occipital nerves. The pulse generator is placed subcutaneously in the chest, abdomen or back. 


Complications include lead migration (35%), infection (~30%), skin erosion (~30%) and lead fracture (~10%) 4.

Article information

rID: 58246
Synonyms or Alternate Spellings:
  • Occipital nerve stimulator

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Cases and figures

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