Pancoast syndrome

Pancoast syndrome results from involvement of the brachial plexus and sympathetic chain by a Pancoast tumour or, less commonly, from other tumours involving the superior pulmonary sulcus. The syndrome consists of:

  1. shoulder pain
  2. C8-T2 radicular pain
  3. Horner syndrome

The classical syndrome is uncommon, with Horner syndrome present in only 25%.

History and etymology

Pancoast syndrome as a result of superior sulcus tumours was described in a number of publications (by Hare in 1838 and Ciuffini in 1911) before Pancoast reported it using the term 'superior pulmonary sulcus tumour' 2.

  • Edward Selleck Hare (1812-1838), British physician
  • Publio Ciuffini, Italian physician
  • Henry Khunrath Pancoast (1875-1939), American radiologist, Philadelphia
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Article information

rID: 1828
System: Chest
Section: Syndromes
Synonyms or Alternate Spellings:
  • Ciuffini-Pancoast syndrome
  • Ciuffini-Pancoast-Tobías syndrome
  • Hare syndrome
  • Pancoast-Tobías syndrome
  • Tobías syndrome

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