Pancoast syndrome results from involvement of the brachial plexus and sympathetic chain by a Pancoast tumour or, less commonly, from other tumours involving the superior pulmonary sulcus. The syndrome consists of:
- shoulder pain
- C8-T2 radicular pain
- Horner syndrome
The classical syndrome is uncommon, with Horner syndrome present in only 25%.
History and etymology
Pancoast syndrome as a result of superior sulcus tumours was described in a number of publications (by Hare in 1838 and Ciuffini in 1911) before Pancoast reported it using the term 'superior pulmonary sulcus tumour' 2.
- Edward Selleck Hare (1812-1838), British physician
- Publio Ciuffini, Italian physician
- Henry Khunrath Pancoast (1875-1939), American radiologist, Philadelphia