Pancoast syndrome

Dr Dan J Bell and A.Prof Frank Gaillard et al.

Pancoast syndrome results from involvement of the brachial plexus and sympathetic chain by a Pancoast tumour, or less commonly from other tumours involving the superior pulmonary sulcus. The syndrome consists of:

  1. shoulder pain
  2. C8-T2 radicular pain
  3. Horner syndrome

The classical syndrome is uncommon, with Horner syndrome present in only 25%.

History and etymology

Pancoast syndrome as a result of superior sulcus tumours was described in a number of publications (by Hare in 1838 and Ciuffini in 1911) before Pancoast reported it using the term 'superior pulmonary sulcus tumour' 2.

  • Edward Selleck Hare (1812-1838), British physician
  • Publio Ciuffini (18??-19??), Italian physician
  • Henry Khunrath Pancoast (1875-1939), American radiologist, Philadelphia
Share article

Article information

rID: 1828
System: Chest
Section: Syndromes
Synonyms or Alternate Spellings:
  • Ciuffini-Pancoast syndrome
  • Ciuffini-Pancoast-Tobías syndrome
  • Hare syndrome
  • Pancoast-Tobías syndrome
  • Tobías syndrome

Support Radiopaedia and see fewer ads

Updating… Please wait.
Loadinganimation

Alert accept

Error Unable to process the form. Check for errors and try again.

Alert accept Thank you for updating your details.