Perthes lesion

Perthes lesion of the shoulder is one of the types of the anterior glenohumeral injury in which the anterior inferior labrum is torn and lifted from the edge of the glenoid 1 but still attached to the intact lifted periosteum from the anterior aspect of the glenoid. Although the labrum may be normally positioned, functionally it no longer provides any stability to the humeral head, mainly as a result of impairment of the normal stabilizing influence of the inferior glenohumeral ligament.

As the labrum is often normally positioned it may be difficult to appreciate, especially if scarring obliterates the space deep to the labrum. The presence of a joint effusion or MR arthrogram help in the detection of this lesion by demonstrating fluid in extending beneath the labrum and filling the space between the elevated periosteum anteriorly and the scapula posteriorly.

Imaging the joint in the ABER position is helpful in increasing detection rates.

Although scarring may develop making detection both on imaging and arthroscopy difficult to interpret, the shoulder remains unstable, unless re-attachment of the labrum is performed.

It is named after Georg Clemens Perthes (1869-1927) German surgeon, who first described the lesion in 1905.

A number of lesions are closely related have similar appearances: see anterior glenohumeral injury for discussion of the differences.

An ALPSA lesion ("medialized Bankart") involves medial displacement of the torn labrum which is still attached to the medial scapular periosteum.

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Article Information

rID: 7221
Section: Pathology
Synonyms or Alternate Spellings:
  • Perthes lesion of the shoulder
  • Perthes lesions
  • Perthes lesions of the shoulder

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Cases and Figures

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    Figure 1: common labral injuries
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    Case 2
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    Case 2
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