Wharton jelly

Wharton jelly refers to the gelatinous substance within the umbilical cord.

Wharton jelly is derived from extra-embryonic mesoderm and is largely made up of mucopolysaccharides (hyaluronic acid and chondroitin sulfate) while containing smaller amounts of fibroblasts and macrophages. It acts as a supportive structure and protects the vessels of the umbilical cord against compression and constriction.

    Named after the English physician Thomas Wharton (1614-1673) 1.

    Abdominal and pelvic anatomy
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    Article information

    rID: 13691
    System: Obstetrics
    Section: Anatomy
    Synonyms or Alternate Spellings:
    • Wharton's jelly

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