Emphysematous cholecystitis

Case contributed by Dr Jan Frank Gerstenmaier

Presentation

An elderly diabetic gentleman presented to the ED with fever and abdominal pain. On examination, there was diffuse tenderness and guarding. White cell count and C reactive protein were elevated.

Patient Data

Age: 80
Gender: Male

Erect chest radiograph to look for free gas under the diaphragm

Modality: X-ray

to look for free gas under the diaphragm

There is no free gas under the diaphragm. In the right upper quadrant, there is an air-fluid level with a curvilinear lucency visible around the fluid component (see Series 2, annotated).

The patient is getting progressively sicker.

Modality: Ultrasound

Ultrasound demonstrates a distended gallbladder with an ill-defined wall and dirty shadowing, indicating intramural gas, and in keeping with emphysematous cholecystitis.

CT to confirm...

Modality: CT

Contrast-enhaned CT abdomen confirms a gallbladder distended with gas and fluid, and intramural gas.

Case Discussion

The radiographic appearances of the gas-filled gallbladder with intramural gas are quite different from normal gas-filled structures, e.g. the adjacent hepatic flexure. The differential diagnosis for curvilinear lucency as seen in this case is pneumatosis.

On ultrasound, intramural gas of emphysematous cholecystitis produced dirty shadowing. The differential diagnosis is porcelain gallbladder, where shadowing is usually dense.

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Case Information

rID: 21403
Case created: 20th Jan 2013
Last edited: 29th Mar 2017
Inclusion in quiz mode: Included

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