Enchondroma

Case contributed by Dr Henry Knipe

Presentation

Painful left middle finger.

Patient Data

Age: 50
Gender: Female
Modality: X-ray

There is a lytic expansile and mildly lobulated lesion with evidence of internal matrix centred within the base of the proximal phalanx. Associated surrounding cortical thinning. No evidence of an acute fracture.

This most likely represents an enchondroma. Other differentials for this appearance would include a giant cell tumour or an aneurysmal bone cyst (with ABC thought much less liklely).     

Bone scan

Modality: Nuclear medicine

On delayed planar imaging, intense osteoblastic activity is seen within the proximal phalanx of the left 3rd finger, consistent with an enchondroma.   

Modality: X-ray

Plate and screw fixation across 3rd proximal phalanx enchondroma. 

Histopathology report

The sections show large fragments of hypocellular cartilaginous tissue. There is no myxoid change seen.  There is no atypia and the nuclei are small.

The histological features are likely those of an enchondroma, with the appropriate  radiological correlation.

Case Discussion

Key learning points:

  • enchondromas are small, benign lytic bone lesions
  • can still result in pathological fractures (with prophylactic internal fixation in this case)
  • increased uptake on bone scan can be seen with enchondromas particularly with underlying pathological fracture or cortical expansion in small bones
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Case Information

rID: 31380
Case created: 5th Oct 2014
Last edited: 31st Aug 2015
Inclusion in quiz mode: Included

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