Graves disease

Case contributed by Dr Erik Ranschaert

Presentation

22-year old woman with enlarged thyroid.

Patient Data

Age: 22
Gender: Female
Modality: Ultrasound

Hypervascular diffusely enlarged thyroid.

Case Discussion

Graves disease is a common diffuse abnormality of the thyroid gland usually characterised by thyrotoxicosis. With color Doppler most Graves disease patients show a pulsatile pattern better known as thyroid inferno. This pattern consists of multiple small areas of intrathyroidal flow seen diffusely throughout the gland. This hypervascularity is due to arteriovenous shunts in the thyroid gland.

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Case Information

rID: 10867
Diagnostic certainty: Almost Certain
System: Head & Neck
Inclusion in quiz mode: Included

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