Left cerebellar infarct: PICA vascular territory

Case contributed by Dr Bruno Di Muzio

Presentation

Headache, new hypertension, vertigo and nystagmus.

Patient Data

Age: 69-year-old
CT

CT Brain + CTA COW

No acute intracranial pathology identified on non-contrast CT. Hypodense foci in the left cerebellar hemisphere in keeping with prior infarctions. No vascular abnormality is identified in the neck vessels and circle of Willis.

MRI

MRI Quick DWI (one day later)

There are numerous acute lacunes in the deep white matter of the posterior left cerebral hemispheres, and true on the left cerebellar hemisphere. Grossly preserved flow voids in the basilar artery. Findings are consistent with an embolic stroke.

CT

CT Brain (6 days later)

Well-defined hypoattenuation involving the most inferior aspect of the left cerebellar hemisphere is in keeping with the left PICA vascular territory infarct. There is no significant mass effect over the brainstem and fourth ventricle. No haemorrhage transformation. Supratentorial ventricles and basal cisterns are unremarkable. White matter hypoattenuation areas are nonspecific, most likely representing chronic small vessel ischaemia, in a number distribution over the expected for the patient's age group. No evidence of new infarcts. The lacunes seen on the MRI are not well appreciated on CT.

Case Discussion

Features are consistent with multiple small embolic cerebral infarcts involving the left MCA, left PCA and left PICA territory. The last, further characterised by a more prominent territorial infarct.  

Note also that on the CTA there is a fenestrated basilar artery, which is an anatomical variant. 

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Case information

rID: 46754
Case created: 15th Jul 2016
Last edited: 29th Aug 2016
Tag: rmh
Inclusion in quiz mode: Excluded

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