Oligodendroglioma

Case contributed by Jude Gregan

Presentation

Generalized tonic-clonic seizure.

Patient Data

Age: 30 years
CT

CT

An ill-defined left parietal mass without calcification of convincing enhancing component is present. 

MRI

MRI

A cortical/subcortical mass demonstrating T2 hyperintense expansion and only minor contrast enhancement is centred in the left inferior parietal lobule. High signal in the DWI sequence is predominantly T2 shine through, although there are small regions of intermediate to low ADC values at the superomedial and anterosuperior aspects. Moderate cerebral blood volume (CBV) increase. Spectroscopy demonstrates choline elevation and NAA reduction.

Conclusion: left inferior parietal lobule mass typical of a low-grade glioma (astrocytoma or oligodendroglioma)

Case Discussion

The patient went on to have surgery. 

Histology

MICROSCOPIC DESCRIPTION:

Sections show a moderately cellular tumour composed of moderately pleomorphic cells containing rounded, hyperchromatic nuclei with inconspicuous nucleoli and focal perinuclear clearing. Tumour cells are arranged in diffuse sheets.  Focal microcystic change and secondary structuring are observed.  No mitotic figures are identified.  No necrosis or microvascular proliferation is seen.

IMMUNOHISTOCHEMISTRY:

  • GFAP: Positive
  • Nogo A: Positive
  • Nestin: Positive (low)
  • IDH-1 R132H: Positive (mutated)
  • ATRX: Positive (non-mutated)
  • MGMT: Negative (likely methylated)
  • p53: Equivocal
  • p16: Positive

Topoisomerase labelling index: Approximately 5%.

 

FISH for chromosome 1p/19q deletion:

  • Chromosome 1.
    • Mean copies 1p per cell:      1.12
    • Mean copies 1q per cell:      1.6
    • 1p/1q ratio:                  0.70
    • Interpretation:               1p loss detected by FISH
  • Chromosome 19.
    • Mean copies 19q per cell:     1.13
    • Mean copies 19p per cell:     1.73
    • 19q/19p ratio:                0.65
    • Interpretation:               19q loss detected by FISH

SUMMARY:  Chromosome 1p/19q co-deletion detected by FISH


FINAL DIAGNOSIS:

Oligodendroglioma (IDH mutated, chromosome 1p/19q co-deleted) - WHO Grade II.

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Case information

rID: 51333
Case created: 10th Feb 2017
Last edited: 18th Sep 2017
Inclusion in quiz mode: Included

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