Bähren classification of left varicoceles

Dr Amir Rezaee et al.

Bähren classification of left varicoceles:

  • type 0: no evidence of venous reflux in internal spermatic vein (ISV)
  • type I: single ISV with insufficient or absent valve
  • type II: single ISV with ≥ 2 ostia to renal vein; may be branches to ascending lumbar/retroperitoneal veins
    • IIa: insufficient confluence valve function
    • IIb: sufficient confluence valve function
  • type III: single incompetent ISV at renal vein junction, with caudal duplication
  • type IV: valveless collaterals between ISV and segmental renal/retroperitoneal veins
    • IVa: insufficient confluence valve
    • IVb: sufficient confluence valve function
  • type V: IVC or renal vein anomaly; ISV may enter IVC/renal/ascending lumbar veins
Share article

Article Information

rID: 52266
Tag: cases
Synonyms or Alternate Spellings:

Support Radiopaedia and see fewer ads

Updating… Please wait.
Loadinganimation

Alert accept

Error Unable to process the form. Check for errors and try again.

Alert accept Thank you for updating your details.