Cor pulmonale

Cor pulmonale is defined as an failure of the structure and function of the right ventricle caused by an underlying primary disorder of the respiratory system. It has a generally chronic and slowly progressive course, although acute onset or worsening with life-threatening complications can occur.

Aetiology
Plain radiograph
  • central pulmonary artery enlargement 7
  • changes consistent with underlying pulmonary disease as outlined above
Echocardiography

May show dilatation of the left ventricular cavity or thickening of the right ventricular free wall 6.

Cor pulmonale generally carries a poor prognosis. Long-term oxygen therapy is often considered the main treatment option.

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Article Information

rID: 31468
System: Cardiac
Section: Pathology
Synonyms or Alternate Spellings:
  • Cor pulmonale

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