Emphysematous osteomyelitis

Emphysematous osteomyelitis is an extremely rare form of osteomyelitis which is complicated by infection with gas-forming organisms. Only a handful of cases are published in the literature.

Commonly reported organisms include 1

  • Fusobacterium necrophorum  
  • Escherichia coli 4
  • Bacteroides spp
  • Klebsiella pneumoniae

The vertebrae may be involved in ~ 40% of cases 1

It has characterized by presence of intra-osseous gas accompanied by other signs of bony and soft tissue infection.

It was initially described by P C Ram and colleagues in 1981 2.

Article information

rID: 19655
Synonyms or Alternate Spellings:

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