End-stage renal disease
Citation, DOI & article data
End-stage renal disease, also referred as end-stage renal failure or end-stage kidney disease, corresponds to the last stage of chronic kidney disease (stage 5), when the kidneys' function is no longer sufficient to sustain life (GFR <15 mL/min/1.73m2) and kidney replacement therapy (dialysis or transplant) is required.
Please, refer to the article on chronic kidney disease (CKD) article for a broader discussion on this entity.
- 1. Advances in End-stage Renal Diseases 2005. S Karger Pub. (2005) ISBN:3805578857. Read it at Google Books - Find it at Amazon
- 2. Levey AS, Eckardt KU, Tsukamoto Y et-al. Definition and classification of chronic kidney disease: a position statement from Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO). Kidney Int.67 (6): 2089-100. doi:doi:10.1111/j.1523-1755.2005.00365.x - Pubmed citation