Perinephric abscess

A perinephric abscess may result due to rupture of a renal abscess into the perirenal space, but usually it develops directly from acute pyelonephritis. However, any inflammatory process outside the Gerota's fascia may also result in perinephric abscess. Such kind of abscesses have been seen quite frequently in diabetic patients with calculi and in patients with septic emboli.

Radiographic features

Ultrasound

Ultrasound is usually the first imaging investigation performed for assessment of a renal abscess, perinephric collection or pyelonephritis.  As will elsewhere, the collection is usualy hypoechoiec or of mixed echogenicity depending on the content.  Ultrasound may also aid treatment in offering percutaneous drainage of the collection.

CT

Often shows areas of soft-tissue or fluid attenuation within the perirenal space. It may extend to involve psoas muscle and upto pelvis. Gas may be present within the abscess.

Treatment and management

Perinephric and mixed perinephric/renal abscesses are best and typically treated with imaged guided percutaneous drainage. This may be with either ultrasound-guided percutaneous abscess drainage or CT guided dependent on the visibility and accessibility.1  Only those with unsuccessful or inadequate treatment with percutaneous drainage and antibiotics tend to require surgery.2

Share Article

Article Information

rID: 8589
System: Urogenital
Tag: refs
Synonyms or Alternate Spellings:
  • Perirenal abscess
  • Perinephric abscesses

Support Radiopaedia and see fewer ads

  • Drag
    Case 1: in association with XPN
    Drag here to reorder.
  • Drag
    Case 2
    Drag here to reorder.
  • Drag
    Case 3: on ultrasound
    Drag here to reorder.
  • Drag
    Case 4
    Drag here to reorder.
  • Updating… Please wait.
    Loadinganimation

    Alert accept

    Error Unable to process the form. Check for errors and try again.

    Alert accept Thank you for updating your details.