Perinephric abscess

Dr Henry Knipe and A.Prof Frank Gaillard et al.

A perinephric abscess may result due to rupture of a renal abscess into the perirenal space, but usually it develops directly from acute pyelonephritis. However, any inflammatory process outside the Gerota's fascia may also result in perinephric abscess. Perinephric abscesses are associated with diabetic patients with calculi and in patients with septic emboli.

Radiographic features

Ultrasound

Ultrasound is usually the first imaging investigation performed for assessment of a renal abscess, perinephric collection, or pyelonephritis.  As elsewhere, the collection is usually hypoechoic or mixed echogenicity, depending on the content.  Ultrasound may also aid treatment in offering percutaneous drainage of the collection.

CT

Often shows areas of soft-tissue or fluid attenuation within the perirenal space. It may extend to involve psoas muscle and down to the pelvis. Gas may be present within the abscess.

Treatment and prognosis

Perinephric and mixed perinephric/renal abscesses are typically treated with imaged guided percutaneous drainage. This may be with either ultrasound-guided percutaneous abscess drainage or CT guided dependent on the visibility and accessibility.1  Only those with unsuccessful or inadequate treatment with percutaneous drainage and antibiotics tend to require surgery.2

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Article information

rID: 8589
System: Urogenital
Tag: refs
Synonyms or Alternate Spellings:
  • Perirenal abscess
  • Perinephric abscesses

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Cases and figures

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    Case 1: in association with XPN
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    Case 2
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    Case 3: on ultrasound
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    Case 4
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