Fevers, shoulder tip pain, and recent travel in South-East Asia.
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Pericardial effusion and enhancing pericardium. There is also a left pleural effusion. There were some non-enlarged but enhancing paracardiac lymph nodes, and evidence of right heart failure with IVC enlargement and periportal oedema; features of early cardiac tamponade.
A pericardial biopsy was performed which showed nonspecific fibrinopurulent pericarditis, with no evidence of malignancy. Cytology on the pericardial fluid showed only inflammatory cells. A Mycobacterium tuberculosis polymerase chain reaction test was negative. Culture for TB is negative to date.
The causes of fibrinous pericarditis include: viral; acute idiopathic; tuberculous; pyogenic; acute rheumatic fever; myocardial infarction; chronic renal failure; connective tissue diseases; malignant neoplasms (lymphoma, thymoma, mesothelioma, metastases); cardiac trauma or surgery; and radiotherapy.
Image contributed by: Dr Laughlin Dawes.
- Chandrasoma P, Taylor CR. Concise Pathology, 3rd edition. Lange 1998.