Anterolateral impingement of the ankle
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Anterolateral ankle impingement is one of the impingement syndromes of the ankle and can occur as a posttraumatic sequel of an inversion injury 1-6.
It is an uncommon cause of chronic lateral ankle pain 6, typically seen in athletes 3-5. It is associated with a previous ankle sprain or anterior talofibular ligament injury in 1-5 leading to this condition in 2-3% 2,6.
Patients usually present with anterolateral ankle pain, limiting the range of motion during internal and/or external rotation and dorsiflexion and swelling 2,3 with clinical examination being a pretty good predictor 1,3.
Anterolateral capsular thickening, hypertrophic scarring or a synovial meniscoid lesion will result in anterolateral ankle impingement 1. This can happen as a sequel to different causes 2-5.
- a rare sequel of an anterior talofibular ligament tear with hemarthrosis and subsequent synovitis
- thickening of the accessory anterior inferior tibiofibular ligament or Bassett's ligament
- anterior tibiofibular syndesmosis injury
- repetitive microtrauma with subsequent instability
- anterolateral tibial plafond osteophytes
Anterolateral ankle impingement is characterized by a soft tissue thickening and distortion of the anterolateral recess of the ankle joint 1,2.
Useful to evaluate bony proliferations and/or osteophytic spurs at the anterolateral tibial plafond or osseous bodies projecting on the anterolateral gutter.
Hypoechoic, on color Doppler hyperemic soft tissue mass and capsular nodules within the anterolateral gutter 3-5.
Soft tissue thickening, obstruction and distortion of the anterolateral gutter 1-5 sometimes with avulsed fragments or osseous bodies within the can be seen. Thickening of the accessory anterior inferior tibiofibular ligament or abnormalities such as thickening of the anterior talofibular ligament can be identified.
Refers to typical signal characteristics of a 'meniscoid lesion':
- T1: intermediate to low signal intensity
- T2/PD: intermediate to low signal intensity
- STIR/PDFS: intermediate intensity
- T1 C+: avid enhancement of the synovia
Nodular thickening of the anterolateral recess 5.
Treatment and prognosis
Initial treatment is usually conservative with rest, physical therapy, taping, shoe modifications, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and local corticosteroid injections, in conservative treatment failure management is usually arthroscopically 2,3.
- anterior talofibular ligament injury
- tibiofibular syndesmosis injury
- chronic ankle instability
- osteochondral talar lesions
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