Bannayan–Riley–Ruvalcaba syndrome (BRRS or BRR syndrome) is a very rare autosomal dominant hamartomatous disorder caused by a mutation in the PTEN gene. It is considered in the family of hamartomatous polyposis syndrome.
There are no formal diagnostic criteria for this disease, but characteristic features include:
- hamartomatous intestinal polyps
- pigmented macules on the glans of the penis (speckled penis)
Another syndrome that can be caused by mutations in the PTEN gene is Cowden syndrome. The two syndromes probably represent a spectrum of features with considerable overlap (e.g. hamartomatous polypopsis, higher risk of certain cancers), termed PTEN hamartoma tumor syndrome. 3
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- 2. Gontijo GM, Pinto CA, Rogatto SR et-al. Bannayan-Riley-Ruvalcaba syndrome with deforming lipomatous hamartomas in infant - Case report. An Bras Dermatol. 88 (6): 982-985. doi:10.1590/abd1806-4841.20132730 - Free text at pubmed - Pubmed citation
- 3. Blumenthal GM, Dennis PA. PTEN hamartoma tumor syndromes. European journal of human genetics : EJHG. 16 (11): 1289-300. doi:10.1038/ejhg.2008.162 - Pubmed