Fetal schizencephaly

Dr Owen Kang and Radswiki et al.

Fetal schizencephaly refers to schizencephaly diagnosed in utero. Usually only open lips types can be diagnosed antenatally.

Radiographic features

Antenatal ultrasound
  • may show a unilateral or bilateral defect extending from the pial surface to the ventricular wall
  • there may be other features such as
Fetal MRI
  • fetal MRI is performed to confirm the cleft is grey matter lined which distinguishes this entity from porencephalic cyst
  • it is more sensitive at detecting close lip schizencephaly than ultrasound
  • it is also useful to confirm the presence of associated anomalies
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Article information

rID: 15522
Synonyms or Alternate Spellings:
  • Fetal schizencephalic cleft

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