Hamstring muscles

Dr Craig Hacking et al.

The hamstrings are the muscles of the posterior compartment of the thigh and include the:

Apart from the short head of biceps femoris, the muscles share two common features:

  • span both the hip and knee joints and therefore produce hip extension and knee flexion
  • innervated by the tibial component of the sciatic nerve

History and etymology

They are named from the method of tying up and hanging legs of ham (pork thighs) for curing.

Lower limb anatomy
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Article information

rID: 40227
Section: Anatomy
Tags: cases, refs
Synonyms or Alternate Spellings:
  • Hamstrings
  • Hamstrings muscle

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