Iron deficiency anaemia

Iron deficiency anaemia is a common cause of anaemia and a common precipitant to radiological investigation.

Epidemiology

Amongst men and postmenopausal women, the incidence in the developed world is around 2%. Among premenopausal women, the incidence is greater and in most cases, investigation is not required.

Pathology

Aetiology

Causes may be related to reduced iron input, failure of storage or excessive losses:

Investigations should include:

  • urinalysis
  • coeliac screening
  • upper GI endoscopy (UGIE)
  • sigmoidoscopy unless malignancy or coeliac disease is diagnosed with UGIE
  • colonoscopy may replace sigmoidoscopy in some centres
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Article Information

rID: 6473
Section: Gamuts
Synonyms or Alternate Spellings:
  • Iron deficiency anemia
  • Iron deficiency anaemias
  • Iron deficiency anemias

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