Renovascular hypertension

Dr Henry Knipe et al.

Renovascular hypertension (RVH) is a type of secondary hypertension, where high blood pressure develops secondary to renal artery disease. 

Approximately 2.5% (range 0.5-5%) of hypertensive patients will have RVH as a cause 2,3

Aetiology

There are a number of conditions that can cause RVH 1-3:

There are other causes that can cause renal artery obstruction but these are much rarer 2,3:

Treatment of the underlying cause has variable effect 2. RVH can lead to ischaemic nephropathy and end-stage renal failure 3

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Article information

rID: 42452
Section: Gamuts
Tag: cases
Synonyms or Alternate Spellings:
  • Renal related hypertension

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Cases and figures

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    CE-MRA of the ren...
    Case 1: renal artery stenosis
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    Case 2: fibromuscular dysplasia
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