Renovascular hypertension (RVH) is a type of secondary hypertension, where high blood pressure develops secondary to renal artery disease.
Approximately 2.5% (range 0.5-5%) of hypertensive patients will have RVH as a cause 2,3.
There are a number of conditions that can cause RVH 1-3:
There are other causes that can cause renal artery obstruction but these are much rarer 2,3:
- renal artery dissection (e.g. from trauma or aortic dissection)
- renal infarction
- Page kidney
- renal artery embolism or thrombosis
- EVAR stent graft
- encircling tumor (e.g. pheochromocytoma)
- radiation-induced fibrosis
- polyarteritis nodosa
Treatment and prognosis
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- 3. Mehta AN, Fenves A. Current opinions in renovascular hypertension. Proc (Bayl Univ Med Cent). 2011;23 (3): 246-9. Free text at pubmed - Pubmed citation