Superior pancreaticoduodenal artery

The superior pancreaticoduodenal artery is a branch of gastroduodenal artery that supplies the duodenum and pancreas.

Gross anatomy

Superior pancreaticoduodenal artery arises after branching off from gastroduodenal artery. It divides into anterior and posterior divisions which supply the pylorus, head of pancreas and duodenum.

The anterior and posterior division of the superior pancreaticoduodenal artery anastomose with branches of the inferior pancreaticoduodenal artery, which is a branch of superior mesenteric artery.  

Related pathology

Knowledge of this collateral pathway is essential when carrying out embolisation procedures for upper GI bleeding to ensure satisfactory embolisation.

This collateral pathway also provides a route to access the hepatic circulation via the superior mesenteric artery in case of coeliac axis occlusion. 

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Article Information

rID: 43458
System: Vascular
Section: Anatomy
Tags: refs, snippet
Synonyms or Alternate Spellings:

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