Mönckeberg medial calcific sclerosis is characterised by calcific deposits within the media of medium and small muscular arteries that do not cause luminal narrowing. The calcification is typically diffuse and circumferential along the vessel and is readily visible on plain film. Vascular calcification in the breast on mammography is of this type. The exact pathogenesis of Mönckeberg sclerosis is unknown, but it is more common with advancing age, diabetes and chronic renal disease.
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