Popliteal artery

Dr Craig Hacking and Dr Jeremy Jones et al.

The popliteal artery represents the direct continuation of the superficial femoral artery in the popliteal fossa as the vessel courses posteriorly behind the knee.

Variants in popliteal branching pattern 1,2:

  • ~90% of the population displays the typical branching pattern of bifurcation into anterior tibial artery and tibioperoneal trunk
  • ~10% have variant branching pattern:
    • hypoplastic infrapopliteal vessels ~4% (range 1.0-6.8%)
    • high origin of anterior tibial artery ~2.5% (range 0.5-4.5%)
    • trifurcation (no tibioperoneal trunk) ~2% (range 1.5-3.2%)
    • high origin posterior tibial artery ~1%
Anatomy: Lower limb
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Article information

rID: 24870
System: Vascular
Section: Anatomy
Tag: artery
Synonyms or Alternate Spellings:

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