Salter-Harris fracture classification (mnemonic)

Last revised by Dr Daniel J Bell on 27 Mar 2019

Useful mnemonics for remembering the Salter-Harris classification system are:


Fortunately, this is also the order of prognosis (from best to worse)


  • S: slipped (type I)
  • A: above or away from joint (type II)
  • L: lower (type III)
  • T: through or transverse or together (type IV)
  • R: ruined or rammed (type V)
  • S: slipped (type I)
  • M: metaphyseal (type II)
  • A: articular-epiphyseal (type III)
  • C: complete-metaphysis and epiphysis (type IV)
  • K: krushed! (type V)

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Cases and figures

  • Figure 1: Salter Harris classification
    Drag here to reorder.
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