Citation, DOI & article data
Staphyloma is the term given to an eye whose uveo-scleral layer is stretched with uveal protrusion. This focal outpouching has a smaller radius than the surrounding globe. Staphylomas most commonly occur posteriorly, temporal to the optic disc, resulting in myopia.
Patients with posterior staphyloma often present with axial high pathologic myopia 3,4.
Staphyloma is an acquired defect secondary to weakness and thinning of the ocular uveo-scleral layer3.
- progressive myopia (or mega myopia) is the most common cause
- necrotizing infection
- inflammation or infection of the corneoscleral lining of the eye
- increased eye size
- focal deformity (not as marked as coloboma), usually posterior
- non-enhancing ocular uveo-scleral layer
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