CNS infectious diseases

This article aims to be a collection of articles that represent the central nervous system infectious diseases. There will be some overlap between articles as they are listed and discussed in a mixture of anatomical and aetiological classification.  

It is important to remember that “encephalitis” is a generic term referring to an inflammatory condition affecting the encephalon (from ancient Greek enképhalos, “within the head”), which is generally used in medicine as a synonym for the brain.

Additionally, CNS infections can also involve the meninges (e.g. meningitis) as well as the spaces between meningeal layers (e.g. subdural empyema). Though the role of imaging is partly to localise the different CNS tissues involved, clinically the meningeal and encephalic components frequently overlap.

For this reason, the term meningoencephalitis can be used to acknowledge the role of both components in the spectrum of CNS infection/inflammation. 

This list does not intend to contemplate all the possible aetiologic agents involved in CNS infections, but those that are relevant to the discussion.  

Diseases that are most likely to have an infectious or postinfectious aetiology:


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Article information

rID: 35564
Section: Gamuts
Synonyms or Alternate Spellings:
  • CNS infections
  • Central nervous system infectious diseases

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