Splenic artery

Dr Craig Hacking and Dr Donna D'Souza et al.

The splenic artery is one of three branches coeliac trunk and supplies the spleen as well as large parts of the stomach and pancreas.

The splenic artery is one of the terminal branches of the coeliac trunk, passing from the coeliac axis toward the splenic hilum, travelling superiorly to the pancreas with the splenic vein inferoposteriorly before entering the splenorenal ligament.  

Near the splenic hilum the splenic artery divides into superior and inferior terminal branches, with each terminal branch further dividing into four-to-six intrasplenic segmental branches. 

  • pancreatic branches including the dorsal pancreatic artery and greater pancreatic artery (arteria pancreatica magna)
    • supply neck, body and tail of the pancreas
  • short gastric arteries
    • arising before the splenic artery enters the splenic hilum
    • run in the gastrosplenic ligament to supply the fundus and upper part of greater curvature of the stomach, and anastomose with the left gastric artery over the fundus
    • supplies cardia and fundal regions of the stomach
  • left gastroepiploic artery
  • separate origin from the abdominal aorta rather than the coelic trunk (~8%)
Abdominal and pelvic anatomy
Share article

Article information

rID: 5169
Section: Anatomy
Tag: cases
Synonyms or Alternate Spellings:

Support Radiopaedia and see fewer ads

Cases and figures

  • Drag
    Figure 1: annotated angiogram
    Drag here to reorder.
  • Drag
    Case 1: separate origin from the abdominal aorta
    Drag here to reorder.
  • Updating… Please wait.

    Alert accept

    Error Unable to process the form. Check for errors and try again.

    Alert accept Thank you for updating your details.