Amyand hernia

Amyand hernia is a rare form of inguinal hernia in which the vermiform appendix is located within the hernial sac. It is seen in less than 1% of inguinal hernia.

It should not be confused with an appendix-containing femoral hernia, known as De Garengeot hernia.

Clinically, atypical presentation of acute appendicitis is expected, and the clinical presentation may mimic incarcerated inguinal hernia.

  • blind ending tubular structure arising from caecum and extending into inuginal sac
  • dilated lumen, wall enhancement and thickening, peri appendiceal fat stranding are suggestive of acute appendicits
  • extension of the appendix into the inguinal sac
  • if acutely inflamed, the appendix is dilated, non compressible, thickened and hypervascular

Claudius Amyand, was a French surgeon who performed the first successful appendectomy in 1735, on an 11-year-old boy who presented with an inflamed, perforated appendix in his inguinal hernia sac.

 

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Article information

rID: 20363
Tags: stub, cases
Synonyms or Alternate Spellings:
  • Appendix within inguinal hernia
  • Amyand's hernia
  • Amyand's herniation
  • Amyand herniation

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