De Garengeot hernia
Citation, DOI, disclosures and article data
At the time the article was created Christen Barras had no recorded disclosures.View Christen Barras's current disclosures
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De Garengeot hernias (alternative plural: herniae) are femoral hernias that contain the appendix.
It is not to be confused with Amyand hernia, which is an appendix-containing inguinal hernia.
It is a rare phenomenon, with only 1% of all femoral hernias containing the appendix (and usually found incidentally at surgery), and only 0.08-0.13% containing an incarcerated acute appendicitis (sometimes detected on pre-operative CT) 1.
History and etymology
It is named after Rene Jacques Croissant de Garengeot (1688-1759), Parisian surgeon, who first described this pathology in 1731 4,5.
- 1. Kalles V, Mekras A, Mekras D et al. De Garengeot's Hernia: A Comprehensive Review. Hernia. 2013;17(2):177-82. doi:10.1007/s10029-012-0993-3 - Pubmed
- 2. Madiha A, Rares H, Abdus S. De Garengeot Hernia: A Forgotten Rare Entity? BMJ Case Rep. 2014;2014(apr10 1):bcr2013201413. doi:10.1136/bcr-2013-201413 - Pubmed
- 3. Granvall S. De Garengeot Hernia: A Unique Surgical Finding. JAAPA. 2014;27(5):39-41. doi:10.1097/01.JAA.0000443968.31234.63 - Pubmed
- 4. De Garengeot RJC. Traite des operations de chuirgie. 2nd ed. Paris: Huart; 1731:369–371. https://www.google.co.uk/books/edition/Trait%C3%A9_des_operations_de_chirurgie/tS9SAAAAcAAJ?hl=en&gbpv=0&kptab=overview
- 5. Anton Sebastian. A Dictionary of the History of Medicine. (1999) ISBN: 9781850700210 - Google Books