De Garengeot hernia

De Garengeot hernias are femoral hernias that contain the appendix. It is a rare phenomenon, with only 1% of all femoral hernias containing the appendix (and usually found incidentally at surgery), and only 0.08-0.13% containing an incarcerated acute appendicitis (sometimes detected on pre-operative CT) 1.

It is not to be confused with Amyand hernia, which is an appendix-containing inguinal hernia.

History and etymology

It is named after Rene Jacques Croissant de Garengeot (1688-1759), Parisian surgeon, first described this pathology in 1731.

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Article information

rID: 29454
Synonyms or Alternate Spellings:
  • appendicitis within femoral hernia
  • appendix within femoral hernia
  • de Garengeot's hernia
  • De Garengeot's hernia

Cases and figures

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    Case 1
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    Case 2
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    Case 3: with appendicitis
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